Jerusalem - Valley of the Cross - Monastry of the Cross
other names: Monastry of Cross, Monastry of the Cross, Monastry of the Holly Cross, Church of Cross, Church of the Cross, Church of the Holly Cross, Emeq Matzleva, Emeq HaMatzleva, Emek Matzleva, Emek HaMatzleva, Valley of the Cross, Minzar haTzlav, Minzar haMatzleva, עמק המצלבה
Shota Rustaveli Alley, Museum Park

jerusalem Monastry of the Cross
Monastry of the Cross

Monastry of the Holly Cross

Monastry of Cross

31 October 2003

The History:

Before Italians came to Judea and Samaria, the people here never used cross for punishment.
Italians came to Jerusalem in 63 BCE. They brought with them brutality that was not known here before. They put on cross rebels and escaping slaves in Jerusalem, as they did in every place they visited in Europe, Asia and Africa.
They took the trees for crosses from this place, the valley eastern to Ram Hill (Givat Ram).
Yeshua from Nazareth became the most famous man ever crucified by them. The man that ordered to put him on the cross was Italian - Pontius Pilatus. He did it not because he cared about the first commandment of the Jewish God, but because he had the filling that Yeshua will bring rebel in the Jewish Province (Judea and Samaria) and may be further.
Despite the impression that this torture made on the world, Yeshua from Nazareth was not the last Jew tortured by Italians, while Italians themselves became quite well because of this event.

Relevant links:
Marcus Scaurus, general under Pompey, was sent by Pompey to Judaea and intervened in the siege of Jerusalem.
Shortly later Pompey came to and sieged Jerusalem in 63 BCE.

Pompey (106-48 BC) Roman general and statesman.
In the year 26, Pilate arrived at Caesarea, to start his work as the administrator.

This, then, was Pilate: Trying to keep the country calm, but acting with all his brutality, when his personal interest was affected. (deleted):
Pontius Pilatus - considering who this tough, practical and often brutal man was, a hard-nosed pragmatist who did not hesitate to use torture, murder and horrific executions to maintain control in a land of simmering rebellion, his final status as a saint in the Coptic Church is highly ironic.
Still, as the Nazis later said, he was just obeying orders

But most Romans regarded Christianity as both Jewish and suspiciously seditious - everyone knew that its founder had been crucified by the Roman authorities and crucifixion was a punishment reserved for rebels and escaped slaves.

What happened to Pontius Pilatus?
... others say that he was exiled to what today is France, etc. Some churches even canonized him as a saint, together with his wife, Claudia Procula.




22 November 2003

Now, like the echo from those years of Italian oppression, next to the monastery, 2 scouts groups:
  • Metzada
  • Bnei Akiba (the followers of Rabbi Akiba)

    Links about Metzada and Rabbi Akiba:
    Metzada (Massada) - Massada (from the Greek name) - a mountain fortress overlooking the shores of the Dead Sea where Jewish insurgents held out for three years against the Romans after the fall of Jerusalem in 70C.E. and then took their own lives. Metzada has remained a symbol of Jewish heroism.
    Rabbi Akiba was active in the Bar Kokhba rebellion against Rome, 132-135 C.E.. He believed that Bar Kokhba was the Moshiach (messiah), though some other rabbis openly ridiculed him for that belief (the Talmud records another rabbi as saying, "Akiba, grass will grow in your cheeks and still the son of David will not have come.") When the Bar Kokhba rebellion failed, Rabbi Akiba was taken by the Roman authorities and tortured to death.



    22 November 2003

    till 1990 the Monastery was surrounded by olive trees, most of them burned in the great fire

    The Monasrty was built by Armenians and Georgians, but now, the Greek flag is on the building.
    The Monastery of the Holy Cross is situated in the Valley of Cross, which is below Givat Ram (Ram Hill: the Israeli Museum, University and the Knesset).
    It was built in the 6th century, but destroyed by the Persians in 614 and once again by Caliph Hakim in 1009.
    The present building was rebuilt by Georgian and Armenian monks in the 11th century.
    The monastery was established in the seventh century, and much of the present structure, especially the lower floors, which are open to visitors, date from the 11th century. It was the home for many years of the Georgian national poet, Shota Rostavelli, who is said to have painted some of the frescoes which appear on the columns of the church.
    location: below Givat Ram
    more information: +972-2-6790961

    the Monastry of the Cross and the Israeli Museum

    17 January 2004

    3 March 2004

    the Monastry of the Cross and the Kneset

    Other names of the area:
  • Monastry of the Holy Cross
  • Valley of Cross
  • Emek ha-Matzleva, Emeq ha-Matzleva
  • Nayot


    the Monastry of the Cross and the Israeli Museum

    29 March 2004

    the Monastry of the Cross and the Kneset

    31 March 2004

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    6 Oct 2004 - 3 May 2005 - 10 Sep 2004

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    20 Dec 2004 - 6 Apr 2004

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    3 May 2005 - 20 Aug 2005

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    26 Sep 2004

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    1 Oct 2005

    Green Alley - Shota Rostavelli
    6 Oct 2004

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    6 Oct 2004 - 10 Sep 2004 - 1 Oct 2005

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    15 Oct 2004

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    1 Oct 2005

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    created 12 December 2003
    updated 17 July 2016
    Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Expert