Sachs Nelly 10.12.1891 - 12.5.1970
(pravo ime Leone Sachs) je pred nacisti 1940 zbežala na Švedsko, kjer je živela in delal do svoje smrti. Bila je usodno čustveno prizadeta zaradi nacističnega preganjanja Judov in vsa njena poezija je s tem povezana. Pomembnejša dela: pesniške zbirke: V bivališčih smrti (1947), In nihče ne ve naprej (1957), Beg in preobrazba (1959), Razdeli se, noč (1971), zbirka povesti Legende in pripovedke (1929), ter drama Eli: Misterij o Izraelovem trpljenju (1951). Leta 1966 je skupaj z J. Agnonom prejela Nobelovo nagrado.
The poetic voice of Leonie Nelly Sachs, developed when the rise of Nazism and the Holocaust forced her to find a means of expression that would "make the unspeakable bearable." In 1940 she escaped to Sweden from her native Germany with the help of the writer Selma Lagerlof. Awarded the Peace Prize of German Publishers in 1965, she accepted it in the spirit of loving forgiveness that underlies her poetry. In 1966 she shared the Nobel Prize for literature with S. Y. Agnon. The basic theme of her unrhymed poetry is the annihilation of European Jewry during World War II. Her often quoted poem,
O the Chimneys, in which the smoke from the chimneys of Nazi extermination camps symbolizes Israel's body, provided the title for the first selection of her poems in English (1967). A second volume,
A Seeker and Other Poems, was published in 1970.
D - 1575
D - 2159
SAINT PHALLE Niki de
29.10.1930 - 22.5.2002
French sculptor, painter and film maker. She lived in USA. During her teens, she was
a fashion model. She married author Harry Mathews. They studied music at
Harvard University. De Saint Phalle began to paint, experimenting with
different media and style. She
was influenced by Spanich painter Gaudi.
Her first art exhibition was held in 1956 in Switzerland where she
displayed naďve style oil paintings.
In 1961, she became known around the world for her Shooting paintings. A
shooting painting consisted of a wooden base board on which containers
of paint were laid, then covered with plaster. The painting was then
raised and de Saint Phalle would shoot at it with a .22 caliber rifle.
She exhibited in Paris, Stocholm, USA, South America countries....
P - 3201
SALAZAR Ana 1941 -
portugalska modna oblikovalka.
She is women's
clothes designer from Portugal. She lives in Lisbon. During 70`s, she
started to work om the fashion scene, developing a new concept of
clothing in Portugal, changing completely the way of presenting fashions
shows in Portugal creating the first Fashion events, exhibits and
expositions. Both national and international press considerer her "The
pioneer of fashion in Portugal".
P - 2869
finska atletinja tekačica na kratke proge,
ki je v teku na 400 m na evropskem prvenstvu leta 1974 v Rimu zmagala.
athlete, she won gold medal in 400 m in the European championships in Rome
in 1974. She also
finished 7th in the Montreal 1976 Olympic Games.
On stamp FI-1251 is also
FI - 1251
Salins Guigone de 1403 - 1470
je skupaj z Nicolas Rolin leta 1443
ustanovila Hotel-God of Beaune za oskrbo revnih in bolnih.
Nicolas Rolin and Guigone the Saline founded Hotel-God of Beaune intended to the poor and for the patients, and whose construction starts in 1443.
F - 596
SalminEn Sally 25.4.1906 - 18.7.1976
born in Vardo, Aland and was the eighth child of twelve. Already as a
child she entertained notions of becoming an author. She worked in the
village grocery store, until she moved to Stockholm to work as a maid.
During her tenure in Sweden she took correspondent courses and read
books on her spare time. In 1930 Sally and her sister Aili moved to New
York City in USA. There she wrote during her spare time, and it was here
she started writing the manuscript for her first (and most famous)
novel, Katrina. She sent her manuscript for writing contest,
where she won, and her Katrina was published in the 1936. The
novel depicts the life of an Ostrobothnian woman, Katrina, who moves to
Ĺland following her marriage. Katrina became an international success,
eventually being translated into more than twenty languages. She married
Danish painter Johannes Dürhkopf in 1940, and relocated to Denmark.
Salminen remained a prolific writer, but she was never able to replicate
the success of her debut novel. Besides Katrina, Prins Efflam
(1953) and Vid Havet (1963) are considered her most notable works.
Aland - 113
9.4.1872 - 30.8.1948
je ena od začetnic poklicnega socialnega dela v
Nemčiji. Kot mlada socialna reformatorka in feministična aktivistka je leta
1893 pomagala ustanoviti Dekliške in ženske skupine za socialno pomoč.
Je soustanoviteljica prvih enoletnih poklicnih socialnih izobraževanj, ki so
se leta 1908 podaljšali na dve leti. Med drugo svetovno vojno je
emigrirala pred nacisti.
One of the principal founders
of professional social work in Germany and the creator of German social work
education. As a young social reformer and feminist leader in 1893, she
helped establish the Girls' and Women's Groups for Social Aid Work, and in
1899 she cofounded the first one-year course in vocational welfare training,
which in 1908 became a two-year training program. She was a leader in the
development of social work as a profession for women and for men before,
during and after World War I. She led the efforts to restore the nation
after the war and fought the Nazi movement until being forced to emigrate in
1937. A leading German school of social work in Berlin bears her name.
D - 1397
Sand George 1.7.1804 - 8.7.1876
(pravo ime Amandine-Lucie-Aurore Dupin). Imela je več razmerij: s pisateljem J. Sandeaujem, A. de Mussetom,
od 1838-46 pa z F. Chopinom.
George Sand, pseudonym of Aurore Dudevant, was the most famous woman writer in 19th-century France. A prolific writer of novels, stories, plays, essays, and memoirs, she represented the epitome of French romantic idealism and unconventional iconoclasm to the whole of Europe, including Russia. She was married at 18 to Baron Casimir Dudevant and had two children. Profoundly unhappy in the marriage, she left her husband, established herself in Paris with another man in 1831, and out of financial necessity began writing. Her first independent novel,
Indiana (1832), the story of an unhappy wife who struggles to free herself from the imprisonment of marriage, explicitly called a form of slavery, made her an overnight celebrity. Subsequent novels, such as
Valentine (1832) and, most notably, Lelia (1833), astounded her readers with their frank exploration of women's sexual feelings and their passionate call for women's freedom to find emotional satisfaction. Sand never advocated "free love" but remained an idealist, exalting the idea of marriage between equals and condemning the social system of male dominance that made such marriages impossible. Legally separated from her husband in 1836, she kept up a furious pace of literary composition throughout her life to support herself and her children. Her reputation for iconoclasm grew not only from the themes of her novels but from exaggerated reports of her unconventional behavior: her occasionally masculine clothing, her habitual smoking, and her series of love affairs with such well-known artists as Alfred de Musset and Frederic Chopin.
F - 1140
F - 3789
RO - 5832
15.6.1884 - 7.7.1975
pisateljica in pesnica (pravo
ime Dieudonnée Marie Isabelle Fourcade).
and poet. She published her first volume of poetry in 1914.
Andorra - sp. 248
Sanz de Franck Agnes Ovando
Bolivian painter studied at School of Plastic Arts in Santiago de Chile.
She is professor in University of La Paz. Exhibited in Soputh America
YU - 2134
Sapho 630 pr.n.št(BC) -
The most famous woman poet of all time, known for her lyrics, Sappho was born at Eressos on the Greek island of Lesbos. About her life there is much anecdote, little fact. She was married and had a daughter and sometime between 604 and 595 suffered exile in Sicily. Of her nine books of poems only fragments remain, some recently discovered on Egyptian papyri. Celebrated for her marriage songs (epithalamia), she also wrote hymns, mythological poems, and personal poems of love. Of the last, most are addressed to women, possibly members of a literary circle with strong emotional attachments. Several poems invoking Aphrodite suggest that they may have shared some cult or ceremonial practices. Famous in ancient times for her depiction of passion, Sappho delights in sensuous images of flowers, the moon, the sea, and the night. Her style is straightforward, delicate, melodious, graceful, and witty. The Roman poet Catullus imitated her, and Ovid depicted her legendary love for Phaon in his Heroides.
GR - 1908
Sari Ada 29.6.1886 - 12.7.1968
(pravo ime Jadwiga Szayer), poljska pevka in glasbena pedagoginja.
She was one
of the greatest artists in the history of Polish vocal art. Her real name was
Jadwiga Szayer, but she assumed the artistic pseudonym Ada Sari when she
started her vocal career in Italy. She mede her debut in 1909 as Margarita in
Faust at Rome's Teatro Nazionale. In 1923 Ada Sari was engaged by
Milan's La Scala and began performing at what was Europe's prime opera house
of the time. Ada Sara triumphed practically all over Europe, and overseas as
well. She sang in Italy, Spain and Portugal, in France, England, Austria and
Sweden, went on tour in Russia and Germany, performed in the theatres of South
America, gave concerts in the United States, and quite often appeared in
Poland as well. The late period of Ada Sari's life was filled with extremely
intensive teaching work; she trained a whole pleiad of talented female singers.
PL - 3254
Sartorius Auguste von
German humanitarian. She helped to establish in 1846 the German
institution for children`s missionary The Society of Holy Childhood.
One of the institution`s activites is organising epiphany carol singers.
D - 1834
Sasse Marie 26. 1. 1834 - 8. 11.1907
Sasse Marie belgijska operna pevka. Študirala je v Gentu, Parizu in Milanu. Debitirala je v Benetkah leta 1852 in v pariški operi leta 1860. Ko je leta 1877 izgubila glas, je postala učiteljica.
Sasse Marie was Belgian singer. She studied at Ghent, Paris and Milan. She made her debut at Venice in 1852 and in Paris Opera in 1860. She singing to 1877 when she lost her voice and became a teacher.
B - 2740
1954 - 1999
Madžarska invalidka, igralka
namiznega tenisa. Na para OI leta 1992 v Barceloni je osvojila bronasto
medaljo v ženskah posamezno.
silver and bronze medal on Barcelona 1992 Paralympic Games and gold on
Atlanta 1996 Paralympic Games - table tennis women's singles in handicap
H - 5075
22.6.1918 - 14.7.2005
Njen portret na znamki GB-2428 je
physician and humanitarian founded St. Christopher's Hospice in London
in 1967 and was responsible for establishing the modern hospice movement
worldwide. Saunders became a Red Cross war nurse in 1944 and served as a
medical social worker before
graduating from medical school in 1957. Dame Cicely holds many honours
including degrees and the Order of Merit and was made a Dame of the
British Empire in
1980. In 2001 she received the Conrad N Hilton Humanitarian Prize - the
world's largest humanitarian award.
on stamp GB-2428 was painted by
GB - 2428
9.11.1092 - 28.8.1944
daughter of Italian king Vittorio Emanuele III. In 1943 was captured by the
Nazis occupying Rome. She was sent to camp Buchenwald where she died of an
infection following amputation of her arm.
I - 2368
sovjetska pilotka in kozmonavtka. Leta 1975
postavila hitrostni letalski rekord 2683 km/h na letalu MIG. Službovala je
kot testna pilotka sovjetskih letalskih sil. Trikrat je bila rekorderka v
skupinskih padalskih skokih. Leta 1970 je osvojila prvo mesto na
svetovnem prvenstvu v akrobatskem letenju. Od leta 1980 je kozmonavtka.
V vesolje je poletela dvakrat in v vesolju preživela 20 dni. Prvič je kot
druga ženska v vesolju poletela leta 1982 v Sojuzu T-7. V Sojuzu T-12 leta
1984 pa se je kot prva ženska sprehodila izven vesoljske ladje (3 ure, 35
BG - 3192
SU - 5256 SU - 5534
25.9.1929 - 15.1.2004
She was an
Italian ballerina and actress. As a young girl she studied ballet at La
Scala Ballet School for seven years. She performed in numerous ballets until
World War II, after which she began appearing in motion pictures using the
stage name, Delia Scala. In 1956, she began a career in television. She
starred in several variety shows during the 50s and 60s, and became one of
her country's most beloved TV showgirls.
SM - 2217
16.9.1920 - 17.4.1945
She was Dutch
resistance fighter during World War II. During her law studies at the
Universiteit van Amsterdam she became friends with the Jewish students
Philine Polak and Sonja Frenk. This made her feel strongly about actions
against Jews. She refused to sign the petition in support of the occupation
forces. She could not continue her studies. She became more and more active
in the resistance movement and helped people who were hiding from the
Germans with stolen IDs and food-coupons. She joined the resistance movement.
She was arrested by accident when she was distributing the illegal communist
newspaper. Although at the end of the war there was an agreement between the
occupier and the resistance movement not to execute women, she was shot dead
three weeks before the end of the war.
GDR - 883
10.7.1862 - 23.1.1946
(izg. šjorfbek), je finska slikarka in jo uvrščamo med največja imena
evropskega slikarstva dvajsetega stoletja. Že zelo zgodaj je pokazala
risarsko nadarjenost, tako da so jo starši z enajstimi leti vpisali v
risarsko šolo. Z osemnajstimi leti je dobila štipendijo in odšla
študirat v Pariz. kasneje se je vrnila na Finsko in tam ustvarjala.
Znana je po svojih avtoportretih (več kot 40) in motivih vsakdanjega
Finish artist and is most commonly known for her realism and
self-portraits, and lesser known for her landscapes, still-lifes and
portraits. She showed talent at an early age. At eleven, she was enrolled at
the Finnish Art Society
drawing school. She continued her education at a private academy run by
Adolf von Becker in the University of Helsinki drawing studio. In 1879 she
won third prize in a competition put on by the Finnish Art Society. She also
exhibited in an annual Finnish Art Society exhibition. She studied and
worked in France and Britain.
FI-1792: At home
FI - 773 FI - 1132-1133
Schleimer-Kill Catherine 1884 - 1973
borka za ženske pravice
Catherine Schleimer-Kill was one of the first Luxembourg women to be
bold enough to enter the political arena. The right to vote, secured in
1919, was, for her, only the first step towards a co-administration of
women. Starting with the first general elections in 1919, she
participated in several district and national elections and even
introduced in 1928 her own purely feminine party, Action féminine
. Thanks to this association that she had created, she undertook for
almost 15 years important activities to raise awareness of women’s and
social issues. On the long path women have followed until today in their
struggle for equal rights, her struggle for emancipation was a decisive
first step : « It is the route within their own power, the path towards
independence. United in their solidarity, women must carry out the work
of women. »
L - 1599
avstrijska slikarka: Youngboy Vienna
She is a
self-taught artist who has established her position on the art scene by
means of the staging of her own self. Her education, grammar school in
Vienna and civil engineering technical college in Innsbruck, is in apparent
contradiction to her artistic talents. She loves to present cycles of
pictures. For the year 2000, as a symbol of the millennium, she created 99
drawings with “lucky piglets” (a symbol from Austrian tradition) in
different poses, published in a picture book dedicated to her family. In
2005 she painted 55 pictures on the topic of “Happy Birthday Mister
President” which were lined up next to each other for the opening of the
architecturally spectacular Paradiso Pannonia Sandhöhe wine cellar in
A - 2619
Schmit, is a member of the CAL (Cercle Artistique Luxembourg), studied art
in Lausanne and Strasbourg before becoming a teacher of art education. Since
1975 she has participated in many exhibitions. Her preferred technique is
pure or gouached watercolour.
L - 1561
Schneider Romy 23.10.1938 - 29.5.1982
avstrijska filmska igralka.
popular Austrian star who emerged through a succession of kitsch romantic
melodramas in German 50s cinema, Romy Schneider successfully reforged her
image in the 1960s to become an actress of versatility and acclaim. Romy
began her film career playing her mother's daughter in Wenn der weisse
Flieder wieder blüht (1953). With the title role in Sissi (1955),
a highly romanticised bio-pic of the Empress Elizabeth of Austro-Hungary and
its two sequels established Romy as one of the leading stars of German
GI - 741
D - 2145
F - 3331
Scholl Sophie 9.5.1921 - 22.2.1943
in njen brat Hans sta na munchenski univerzi
ustanovila odporniško skupino proti nacizmu Bela vrtnica. Skupina je
delovala v letih 1941 - 42. Ko sta februarja 1943 trosila letake, kjer sta
pozivala ljudi k uporu proti Hitlerju, ju je policija aretirala. Pet dni
pozneje ju je ljudsko sodišče v Berlinu obsodilo na smrt in še isti dan sta
GDR - 852
D - 431
28.2.1781 - 25.2.1868
She was a German actress the daughter of an actor, Gottfried Burger. She
made her first appearance in opera at St Petersburg, in 1793. On
Kotzebue's recommendation she was engaged for the Vienna Court theatre
in 1798, and here and in Munich and Hamburg she won great successes in
tragic roles like Marie Stuart, Phčdre, Merope, Lady Macbeth, and
Isabella in The Bride of Messina, which gave her the reputation
of being "the German Siddons." She retired in 1840 and lived in Augsburg
and Munich until her death in 1868. She had married, in 1795, an actor,
Stollmers, from whom she separated in 1799. In 1804 she married the
tenor Friedrich Schröder. Schröder's eldest daughter was the opera
singer, Wilhelmine Schröder-Devrient.
nemška slikarka, ilustracija iz "Žabji kralj"
CZ - 3093
Schroeder-Devrient Wilhelmine 6.12.1804 - 26.1.1860
nemška sopranistka, članica dresdenske opere, zaradi udeležbe v majski vstaji 1849 izgnana iz Dresdena.
GDR - 1290
Schumann Clara 13.9.1819 - 20.5.1896
nemška pianistka in skladateljica, žena skladatelja
Roberta Schumanna. Rodila se je kot Clara Josephine Wieck in se od petega
leta učila igrati na klavir, do 1835 pa so jo že v vsej Evropi poznali kot
čudežnega otroka. Leta 1838 je dobila odlikovanje avstrijskega dvora,
izvolili pa so jo tudi v članstvo prestižnega dunajskega Društva prijateljev
glasbe (Gesellschaft der Musikfreunde).
Kljub očetovem nasprotovanju se je leta 1840 poročila z Robertom Schumannom
in rodila osem otrok. Čeprav so družinske obveznosti precej ovirale njeno
kariero, je še naprej poučevala na konservatoriju v Leipzigu, koncertirala
in skladala. Pisala je dela za orkester, med drugim koncerte za klavir,
komorno glasbo, samospeve in solistične klavirske skladbe.
Leta 1853 sta se Schumannova profesionalno in osebno spoprijateljila s
skladateljem Johannesom Brahmsom. Clara je nadaljevala to prijateljstvo tudi
po moževi smrti 1856.
Clara Josephine Schumann, was a celebrated pianist and the wife of Robert Schumann. Trained by her father, Friedrich Wieck, who also taught Schumann, she made her debut in 1828 and undertook several tours in the following years. Her marriage to Schumann (1840) was bitterly opposed by her father. While married she largely abandoned touring, except for the last two years of Schumann's life, although she made trips to Hamburg (1842) and Russia (1844). After her husband's death, however, she concertized extensively on the continent and in England, and she was an influential teacher. Johannes Brahms was a close friend from 1853. Clara Schumann's playing was characterized by seriousness and restraint; her repertoire emphasized Schumann, Beethoven, Chopin, Bach, and Mozart. She composed many piano works and edited her husband's compositions.
D - 1305
Schurmann Anna Maria von 1607 - 1678
Anna Maria van Schurman, was a Flemish woman whose intellect and erudition were so remarkable that the leading European scholars of the day sought her advice. After learning Latin at the age of 7, she went on to master Dutch, German, Greek, French, English, Spanish, Italian, Arabic, Hebrew, Chaldean, Syriac, Ethiopian, Turkish, and Persian. She was knowledgeable about geography, astronomy, and other sciences but chose to graduate from Utrecht University with a law degree and to teach philosophy and history. Her artistic and literary abilities were equally profound. She was a miniaturist, etching portraits on glass with a diamond, and she sculpted, painted, carved in wood and ivory, and modeled in wax. She wrote poetry and began to publish it in 1636. In the last years of her life she endeavored to improve the lives of the poor and to spread the ideas of Jean de Labadie, a Jesuit-turned-Protestant who had established his own religious sect.
6.10.1930 - 12.6.2003
je bila nemška grafičarka in ilustratorka otroških knjig.
Slikarstvo in grafiko je
študirala na Visoki šoli za umetnost v Hamburgu. Leta 1973 je prejela
Grand prix na Bratislavskem bienalu ilustracij za ilustracijo knjige
CZ - 2268
1901 - 1986
politician, Minister for Health and member of Parliament. She studied
law , graduating in 1930. After WW II she joined to Evangelical
church. From 1952-69 she was a delegate to German parliament.
1805 - 14.5.1881
jamajška bolniška sestra, prostovoljka v krimski
born in Jamaica in 1805. Her father was a Scottish soldier, and her mother a
Jamaican. Mary learned her nursing skills from her mother. She was an
inveterate traveller, visited other parts of the Caribbean, including Cuba,
Haiti and the Bahamas, as well as Central America and Britain. On these
trips she complemented her knowledge of traditional medicine with European
medical ideas. In 1854 Seacole travelled to England again, and approached
the War Office, asking to be sent as an army nurse to the Crimea where there
was known to be poor medical facilities for wounded soldiers. She was
refused. But she funded her own trip to the Crimea where she established the
British Hotel near Balaclava to provide 'a mess-table and comfortable
quarters for sick and convalescent officers'. She also visited the
battlefield, sometimes under fire, to nurse the wounded, and became known as
'Mother Seacole'. Her reputation rivalled that of Florence Nightingale.
After the war she returned to England destitute and in ill health. The press
highlighted her plight and in July 1857 a benefit festival was organised to
raise money for her, attracting thousands of people. Later that year,
Seacole published her memoirs, The Wonderful Adventures of Mrs Seacole in
GB - 2426
CZ - 2191
Segur Sophie de
1.7.1799 - 31.1.1874
was a French writer of Russian birth. Her father was General Rostopchine
who ordered the city of Moscow to be set on fire after the battle of
Borodine (1812) and thus compelled Napoleon to begin his disastrous
retreat from Russia. She married Eugčne Comte de Ségur,
grandson of Louis Philippe de Ségur, and nephew of Philippe Paul de
Ségur, one of the most brilliant officers in the imperial army and
author of "Histoire de Napoléon et de la grande armée pendant l'année
1812" which had more than fifteen editions and was translated into most
of the European languages. Mme. de Ségur was a woman of culture and
uncommon literary talent. She contributed a number of stories to the "Bibliothčque
Rose", a collection of short novels for young people; among them are
Les Petites Filles modčles (on stamp
Pauvre Blaise, Le Général Dourakine, Un bon petit diable, Les
vacances, Le mauvais génie.
F - 3395
MC - 2462
14.5.1914 - 8.7.2001
je bila finska filmska igralka.
film actress, She worked also on television. On stamp
with Walle Saikko from film Juha (1937).
FI - 1337
18.2.1877 - 5.4.1958
Pisala je eseje, potopise in novele, najvažnejši pa so njeni eseji (Analitični trenutki in teme, Zapisi). v njih je obdelovala teme iz književnosti, probleme življenja in zgodovine. Močno je vplivala na razvoj moderne srbske kritike in esejistike 20. stoletja.
Serbian author. She worked as teacher, school prinicipal, nurse and
travel writer. She wrote novels, travel stories, critical articles and
short stories mainly describing life in Serbia.
YU - 2777
22.9.1896 - 9.6.1986
Serao Matilde 7.3.1856 - 25.7.1927
Greek-born novelist and journalist. She
studied and worked in Neaple and later in Rome. There she founded
periodical Corriere di Roma.
After returning Neaples in 1904 she founded the influential Il giorno. She wrote about 40 popular novels and short stories. Her best
novel was probably Il paese di cuccagna (The Land of Cockayne), a
lively story of the Neapolitan passion for the lottery. Her other
notable novels are Il romanzo della fanciulla (A Girl's Romance)
and Suor Giovanna della Croce.
I - 1613
SU - 5861
Sevigne Marquise de 5.2.626 - 17.4.1696
Francoska pisateljica Marie de Rabutin-Chantal, markiza de Sevigne se je rodila v burgundski plemiški družini in pri šestih letih osirotela. Vzgajal jo je stric, ki je poskrbel, da je imela srečno otroštvo in da se je izobraževala pri najboljših pedagogih tistega časa. Leta 1644 se je poročila s pripadnikom bretonske plemiške družine Henrijem de Sevignejem in ta jo je uvedel na francoski dvor. Leta 1651 je bil ubit v dvoboju in jo zapustil z dvema otrokoma, še prej pa zapravil ves njen denar. Kljub temu se je markiza de Sevigne še naprej gibala v visoki pariški družbi in se veliko ukvarjala s svojima otrokoma. Leta 1669 se je njena hči Francoise Marguerite poročila in se odselila v Provanso. Gospa de Sevigne jo je močno pogrešala, zato ji je pogosto pisala. Ta pisma so njen največji literarni dosežek. Nastalo jih je kar 1700, večinoma v prvih sedmih letih po hčerinem odhodu. V njih markiza sporoča novice iz mondene družbe. opisuje pomembne osebnosti in ljudi, ki so jo obiskovali, komentira tekoče zadeve in piše o podrobnostih iz vsakdanjega življenja. Razpravljala je tudi o svojem literarnem okusu. V pismih so sicer podatki, ki jih je mogoče najti še drugje, vendar je njen način pripovedovanja nepozaben. Domišljija, ki se je prebudila po naključju, je v njej predramila čutnost in moč literarne umetnice in se sprostila v duhovitih in očarljivih pripovedih.
Marie de Rabutin Chantal, marquise de Sevigne became immortalized when her correspondence of more than 1,500 letters was published posthumously in 1725-26. Born into a distinguished family, she was orphaned early but given an excellent classical education by two uncles. She was married to Henri de Sevigne in 1644 and widowed in 1651. She had two children, one of whom was Francoise Marguerite. This daughter's marriage (1669) to the comte de Grignan separated her from her passionately devoted mother, and she became the recipient of most of her mother's correspondence. Delightfully anecdotal, sometimes containing serious reflection, the letters include portraits of Corneille, La Rochefoucauld, Racine, and Turenne, and they also afford an insight into Madame de Sevigne's own nature.
F - 892
F - 3148
MC - 1240
1884 - 1957
žena Ahmeta Sevkija, pionirja fotografa
She was Cypriot photographer, wife of Ahmet Sevki, pioneer of photography in
CY (tur) - 465
Shelley Mary 30.8.1797 - 1.2.1851
Mary Shelley je bila angleška romanopiska. Med popotovanjem po Evropi je ob Ženevskem jezeru napisala svojega znamenitega
Frankensteina (1818). Do smrti svojega moža je živela v Italiji. Nato se je vrnila v Anglijo, kjer je nadaljevala s pisanjem romanov. Med drugim je napisala
Valperga (1823), The Last Man (1826), Falkner (1837).
Daughter of political philosopher William Godwin and women's rights advocate Mary Wollstonecraft and second wife of the poet Percy Bysshe Shelley, Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley is famous as the author of
Frankenstein (1818), a novel whose popularity as a horror tale has eclipsed its philosophical content. Having eloped (1814) with Shelley to Europe, she married him after the suicide (1816) of his first wife and bore him four children, of whom only one survived. The marriage brought Mary Shelley into contact with outstanding writers of the period, including Byron; during their conversation one evening, she conceived the idea that later developed into Frankenstein. Upon the death (1822) of her husband, Mary Shelley devoted herself to her child and to literary work. Returning (1823) to England, she edited Shelley's works and her own Journals and letters, which, with Shelley-related material in her other works, are an important source for later commentators. Often using views and characters derived from Shelley and his friends but uneven in quality, her works include
History of a Six Weeks Tour (1817), The Last Man (1826), and the auto-biographical
GB - 1693
nemška ustanoviteljica društva za pomoč ubogim in ranjenim.
was the daughter of a senator and a deaconess who displayed exemplary
courage in caring for victims of the cholera epidemic which swept the
country in 1831. She thereafter devoted herself to the health and social
care of deprived families and, having founded in 1832 the ‘Weiblicher
Verein für Armen- und Krankenpflege’, established with the help of its
members a school for boys (Knabenhort) and girls (Flickschule) to
prepare them for working life. Other activities were devoted to the
relief of unemployment and to visits to hospitals and homes. In the
1840s she created temporary homes offering accommodation for a nominal
rent or rent free. Her untiring practical commitment enhanced her
reputation as a pioneer, whose fight for the greater involvement of
women in social welfare work.
D - 222
Sigaldi Emma de
She is German sculptor
and lives and works in Monaco since
1954. Her works primarily in terracotta and marble. Numerous exhibitions
of his work have been held in Paris, Peru, America and Hong Kong. De
Sigaldi has Monegasque nationality and has been honoured by the
Principality in a series of stamps depicting a selection of her works.
MC - 1775 MC - 2121
Sigmundsdottir Sesselja 5.6.1902 - 1974
Sesselja Hreindis Sigmundsdottir was a pioneer in matters concerning the mentally handicapped in Iceland, and established the first foster home for the mentally handicapped at Solheimar in Grimsnes. She studied padagogy and care of children and the handicapped in Denmark, Switzerland and Germany. She emphasized mixing the handicapped and non-handicapped long before these methods gained popularity abroad. Sesselja was ahead of her contemporaries and the first her views were met with suspicion and incomprehension by the authorities and the general public. Public authorities opposed allowing handicapped and non-handicapped children to live together at Solheimar "because the healthy children may suffer mental and physical damage from consorting with the handicapped ones". Sesselja was also a major proponent of organic farming and is often called the first Icelandic environmentalist.
IS - 1011
Signore Simone 5.3.1921 - 30.9.1985
Rodila se je v Nemčiji francoskim staršem. Vzgajali so jo v Parizu, ob začetku druge svetovne vojne pa so se preselili v London. Bila je aktivna v svobodnih francoskih domoljubnih organizacijah. Začela je delati tudi v filmski britanski vojni produkciji. Po vojni ji je njen mož pomagal pri njeni filmski karieri. Leta 1952 je dobila britansko filmsko nagrado za vlogo v filmu
Zlata čelada. Leta 1959 je dobila oskarja za vlogo nesrečne zavržene ljubice v filmu
Soba na vrhu. V filmu je bila aktivna do 1982. Napisala je več knjig, najboljša je njena duhovita melanholična avtobiografija
Nostalgija ni to kar bi morala biti.
Born in Gemany to French parents, Simone Signoret was raised in Paris, moving to England with her family at the outset of World War 2. While working with the Free French patriotic organization, she entered films as an extra in wartime British productions. Through the auspices of her first husband, director Yves Allegret, Simone eas given the "star buildup" in the postwar years. One of the best of her unlucky-in-love characterizations was in
Casgues D`or 1952, for which she won British film Industry award. Simone went on to win an Oscar for her portayal of Laurence Harvey`s tragic castaway mistress in
Room at the top 1959. Her second husband was Yves Montand, whose many extramrital affairs (including one with Marilyn Monroe) were regarded with patience and discretion by the ever-forgiving Signoret. Maturing into a plump but still bewitching sharacter actress, Simone continued appearing in choice film roles until 1982. Simone was the author of several books, foremost among tjhem the witty, melamcholy autobiobraphy
Nostalgia Isn`t What It used to be.
B - 3217
F - 2574
F - 3332
4.6.1866 - 3.4.1952
Finland`s first female minister and a key figure in the workers' movement.
She worked in cotton factory, nail factory, as a caretaker, later as
inspector of eateries and cafés. Sillanpää did not have much of a school education -
she had only gone to a visiting school (kiertokoulu) and factory school. She
was active in social democratic association activity. She especially
campaigned for the rights of working and lonely women. She served as a
member of parliament for a total of 38 years: 5 times in years 1907 - 1947.
FI - 1184
educated, she earned her living as a secretary and translator, contributing
poems and stories to periodicals of Lithuania Minor. She came to sudden
prominence with her novel Aukstuju Simoniu likimas (The Fate of
the Upper Simonys, 1935), awarded the first Lithuanian state literary prize.
The novel earned her extraordinary critical and popular acclaim and appeared
in numerous editions. A family chronicle, it traces the destinies of the
Simonis clan between the 18th and
20th centuries, in a mosaic of colourful episodes. Similar in stature is her
novel Vilius Karalius (Vilius the King), vol. 1 in 1939 and
vol. 2 in 1956, awarded the 25,000-ruble Soviet state prize in 1958. Epic
and monumental spanning the lives of several generations, the novel is also
distinguished by its psychological insight and social observation.
LT - 627
Sintenis Renee 20.3.1888 - 22.4.1965
nemška kiparka, grafičarka in ilustratorka
to study at the Berlin School for the Decorative and Applied Arts in 1908.
By 1915 she was showing work with the Berlin Secession. She soon made
influential friends and her work became popular. Sintenis' success grew
during the 1920s, culminating in the 1926 bronze Der Läufer von Nurmi
(The Runner from Nurmi), for which she was awarded the 1932 Olympia
Prize. After the second world war Renée Sintenis was again permitted to
teach art in 1947 at the Hochschule der Künste. Awarded the art prize of the
city of Berlin a year later, she became a full professor at the Berlin Art
Academy in 1955.
BG - 2112-2113
SKARD GRUDA Aase 1905 - 1985
norveška otroška psihologinja
Skardi Sanna av
1876 - 1978
She was born
on Faroe Islands and was the wife of Símun av Skarđi. She was together with
him and his friend Rasmus Rasmussen and his wife
(also on stamp
teacher at the Faroese Folk High School.
Faroe - 372
Skram Amalie 22.8.1846 - 15.3.1905
Norvegian autor. Her first work is Mme Hijer`s Tenants (1882).
She is considered the first naturalistic writer in Norvay. Later she
moved to Danmark. Her best work is The People of Hellmyr.
N - 1226/1227
5.4.1913 - 26.5.1958
Slikarka in grafičarka Faroerskih otokov.
painter and grafiker.
Faroe isl. - 19
Faroe isl. - 119
29.6.1972 - 25.8.1985
She was an American schoolgirl from Manchester,
Maine who became famous in the Cold War-era United States and Soviet Union.
In 1982, Smith wrote a letter to the newly appointed Soviet Communist Party
General Secretary Yuri Andropov, and received a personal reply which
included a personal invitation to visit the Soviet Union, which she
accepted.Smith attracted extensive media attention in both countries as a "Goodwill
Ambassador", and became known as "America's Youngest Ambassador"
participating in peacemaking activities in Japan. She wrote a book and co-starred
in a television series, before her death at the age of 13 in the Bar Harbor
Airlines Flight 1808 plane crash.
SU - 5564
Snežina Elena 1883 - 1944
BG - 622
UA - 523-525
Sodergran Edith 4.4.1892 - 2.6.1923
Now credited with introducing modernism to Finland, the Swedish-language poet Edith Irene Sodergran, went virtually unrecognized during her lifetime. The extreme individualism and visionary aestheticism characteristic of her poetry reveal the influence of Nietzsche and Walt Whitman.
Landet som icke ar (The Land That Is Not, 1925) contains some of her best work. She had little contact with other writers, but generations of Swedish and Finnish poets subsequently learned from her, and her fame has continued to grow.
FI - 1185
SOFRONOVA Antonia Fedorovna
1892 - 1966
SU-6005 je njena slika:
Portret igralke Bašrenove.
the village of Droskovo in Orlov province and died in Moscow. From 1910
to 1917, Sofronova studied in Moscow at the art school of F.I. Rerberg
and the studio of I.I. Mashkov. In 1914, she took part in “The Jack of
Diamonds” exhibition. In 1920–1921, she taught at the State Art Shops in
Tver, and at the same time became interested in Constructivism. Having
returned to Moscow, she again began to create from life, at first
graphic art, then paintings. Deserted city scenes were almost always her
theme. Sofronova was one of “The Thirteen” group: she participated in
its exhibitions, and after it was closed down in 1932, continued to work
in the same style of dynamic pictorial pattern. The creative work of
Sofronova became widely known only after her death.
SU - 6005
Sokić Ljubica 9.12.1914 -
Umetniško šolo je končala 1936 v Beogradu. 1936-39 je živela v Parizu, kjer je prvič razstavljala 1937 v skupini jugoslovanskih umetnikov. Je eden od ustanoviteljev skupine DESETERICA (1940) s katero razstavlja v Beogradu in Zagrebu. Od 1962 je redni profesor na Akademiji za likovno umetnost v Beogradu. Že od samega začetka jo kot slikarko zanima intimna atmosfera interiera, slika pa tudi mestne pejsaže in portrete.
Serbian painter finished Art school in Belgrade 1936. In years 1936-39 she lived in Paris, where she exhibited for first time. From 1962 she is profesor on Academy of Fine Arts in Belgrade.
YU - 2502
Sokoli Qibra 1924 - 1944
AL-2162 sta tudi
Derri Qeriba in
AL-2162 are also Derri Qeriba
AL - 2162
1910 - 1974
Maltese musician, write, painter and sculptor. She wrote plays,
religious dramas, passion plays.
SORENSEN RIBER Riber 1967 -
She is a
Swedish professional golfer whose achievements rank her as one of the
most successful golfers in history. She has won 72 official LPGA (Ladies
Professional Golf Association), tournaments including ten majors and 18
other tournaments internationally, and she tops the LPGA's career money
list with earnings of over $22 million -- over $8 million ahead of her
nearest rival. Her 90 international tournament wins as a professional
make her the female golf player with the most wins to her name. The
winner of a record eight Player of the Year awards, and six Vare
Trophies given to the LPGA player with the lowest seasonal scoring
average, she is the only female golfer to have shot a 59 in competition.
She holds various all-time scoring records including the lowest season
S - 1963
7.1.1844 - 16.4.1879
MC - 2876
Spyri Johanna 12.6.1827 - 7.7.1901
je švicarska pisateljica, ki je z zgodbami za otroke, v katerih
nastopa deklica Heidi, zaslovela po vsem svetu. S psihološkim vpogledom
v otroški um, humorjem in sposobnostjo vživljanja v radosti in tegobe
otrok, je tem zgodbam dala trajno vrednost.
Johanna je študirala jezike in klavir v Zurichu. Leta 1852 se je
poročila. Leta 1871 je napisala svoj prvi roman List z Vronijevega
groba. Leta 1880 je izdala prvi zvezek zgodb o Heidi, s katerim je
zares zaslovela, čeprav je že preje objavila precej zgodb za otroke in
odrasle. Leta 1884 je doživela osebno tragedijo - umrla sta ji mož in
sin. Po tem se je ukvarjala z vzgojo nečakinje in dobrodelnostjo,
napisala pa je tudi precej knjig, ki so jih sicer objavili, vendar niso
nikoli dosegle priljubljenosti Heidi.
Heidi (1880), by Johanna Spyri, is a perennially popular children's classic centering on a young orphan girl named Heidi, who lives with her grandfather in the Swiss Alps. Originally written in German, the story has been translated into many languages, and has formed the basis of several motion pictures, the most notable of which (1937) starred Shirley Temple in the title role.
CH - 561 CH - 1284 D - 2192
St Helier Ivy
1886 - 1971
British stage actress, composer and lyricist. On the stage, Ivy played
Manon la Crevette in the original production of Noel Coward's operetta
Bitter Sweet (1929), a role she
reprised in the 1933 film version. As a lyricist, she wrote songs for The Street Singer to a score by Frederick
Lonsdale, and wrote additional songs for The Blue Train, the London musical by
Reginald Arkell, Dion Titheradge and Robert Stolz. She made just five
films, including Laurence Olivier's Henry V (1944) and London Belongs to Me
Jersey - 348
Stael Madame de 22.4.1766 - 14.7.1817
A Swiss-French writer famous for her literary criticism, novels, and flamboyant life, Madame de Stael, originally Anne Louise Germaine Necker,was one of the most important intellectuals of a changing Europe. The daughter of the politician Jacques Necker, she married the Swedish ambassador Baron de Stael-Holstein in 1786. She had numerous affairs, the most famous being with the novelist Benjamin Constant. Having grown up in the intellectual milieu of her mother's salon, she quickly established her own and made it a center of progressive discussion. Banned from Paris by Napoleon in 1803, she established a new salon at Coppet on Lake Geneva. Madame de Stael wrote voluminously
De la litterature consideree dans ses rapports avec les institutions sociales (The Influence of Literature upon Society) was published in 1800 and established her reputation. Her two novels,
Delphine (1802) and Corinne (1807), depict lonely and gifted women caught in a clash of cultures and codes. In 1810 she issued
De l'Allemagne (On Germany), a major work that investigates German romantic literature and philosophy. Its praise of things German so incensed Napoleon, long her persecutor, that he destroyed the first edition and exiled its author. Madame de Stael played a primary role in the development of French romanticism and modern literary criticism. Her other literary works include a memoir of her father (1804), reflections on Rousseau (1788), and a discussion of the Revolution (1818).
F -1322 CH - 910
theatre and film actress.
RU - 6144
13.5.1905 - 6.11.2000
beloruska gledališka igralka.
She is an
outstanding actress, the legend of the Belarus stage and motion pictures.
She had the honorary title of the People's Actress of the former BSSR (1957)
and USSR (1988). She was the State prize laureate of the BSSR (1982) and
also got different prizes at film festivals. Stephaniya Stanyuta began her
actress career in 1918 and worked as a supernumerary, a chorister, and a
dancer. In 1926 she graduated from the Drama Studio attached to the Moscow
Academic Art Theatre. She was an actress of the 2nd Belarusian Drama Theatre
in Vitebsk. From 1932 and till the end of her life Stanyuta worked in Minsk
as an actress of the National Academic Theatre named after Yanka Kupala. She
went on stage until the end of life at 95 years of age. Stanyuta was equally
persuasive playing an exhausted peasant woman or an elegant woman of a high
society. She had many interesting roles in theatre and cinema but real fame
came to her at late age when she played parts of elderly women and
grandmothers. Stanyuta became popular outside Belarus after the film
Farewell directed by Elem Klimov (1982) where she played the role of the
old woman Dariya.
BY - 595
BG - 2902
Stark Freya 31.1.1893 - 9.5.1993
je bila neukrotljiva angleška popotnica. O
svojih potovanjih po srednjem vzhodu, včasih tudi na oslu, je pisala
klasične potopise. Med prvo svetovno vojno je bila medicinska sestra v
Italiji. Tam se je naučila arabščine. Odšla je v Irak in delala pri časopisu
Bagdad Times. Ko je zapustila Bagdad, je potovala po poteh
križarjev. V jugozahodni Perziji je obiskala Asasinsko trdnjavo in o tej
avanturi napisala leta 1934 potopis Valley of the Assassins.
Med drugo svetovno vojno je delal na
ministrstvu za informiranje v Adnu in Egiptu. Napisala je več kot 30
živahnih in lahko razumljivih knjig, med drugimi: The Southern Gates of Arabia (1938)
in Beyond Euphrates (1951). Leta 1972 dobila plemiški naziv dame.
Dame Freya Madeline Stark was an indomitable English traveler who wrote classic accounts of her journeys through the Middle East, some of them on a donkey. After serving as a nurse in Italy during World War I, Stark learned Arabic and went to Iraq, where she worked on the Baghdad Times. Leaving Baghdad, she traced the routes of the Crusaders and ventured into the Assassin stronghold in southwestern Persia, an adventure written about in
Valley of the Assassins (1934). During World War II, Stark worked for the British Ministry of Information in Aden,
(in present-day Yemen) and in Egypt. Among her more than 30 other books, all lively, lucid, and elegantly written, are The Southern Gates of Arabia (1938) and
Beyond Euphrates (1951). She was made a dame in 1972.
GB - 2016
GDR - 2479
Stasova Helena 1873 - 1966
SU - 4171
šahovska svetovna prvakinja
a Bulgarian chess grandmaster, and a former Women's World Chess Champion.
Her chess-bound passion was inflamed when she was just four years old
and she received first classes on the black and white chessboard by her
own father. With her elder sister, Liana, Antoaneta had made her best
mating tandem. At the age of seven, Stefanova became a Sofia champion.
In 1997 Stefanova's FIDE rating broke into the top ten of women
worldwide. Also she earned the title of Grandmaster in June 2003, a
title held by only ten other women. She has played for Bulgaria in five
Chess Olympiads so far. Stefanova's FIDE rating of 2492 on the April
2007 list placed 9th in the world among active female players.
BG - 4725
STEIL Marie-Henriette 1898 - 1930
Born in Luxembourg, Marie-Henriette
Steil was one of the few Luxembourg women of her times to make a name
for herself as a writer. Even though she has been virtually forgotten
today, this remarkable and engaging young woman deserves an important
place in the pantheon of great national authors. Although Marie-Henriette
Steil wrote serials for newspapers, it was above all with her work
Tier und Mensch, harmlose Geschichten von Marie-Henriette Steil
illustrated by Auguste Trémont that made her famous. Well constructed,
her stories, sometimes ironic, sometimes full of humour as Das Lachen
des Herzen, were always inspired by reality and were characterised
by real compassion for the most disadvantaged as in Der Schandfleck.
Unfortunately, she died at the young age of 32 years, before knowing the
blossoming of her art and writing career.
L - 1689
Stein Edith 12.10.1891 - 9.8.1942
Nemška filozofinja, Židinja, leta 1922 prestopila v katoliško vero, umorjena v koncentracijskem taborišču Auschwitz.
Pope John Paul II beatified Sister Teresa Benedicta of the Cross on 1 May 1987, and canonizes her on 11 October 1998.
VA - 1180
D - 1162
Stein Charlotte von 25.12.1742 - 6.1.1827
nemška dramatičarka, ljubezen Goetheja.
danska slikarka in grafičarka
DK - 1262
STOCKUM Hilda van 9.8.1908- 1.11.2006
Rotterdam, of Dutch-Irish parentage, Hilda van Stockum was one of the
leading pupils of Patrick Tuohy and Seán Keating at the Dublin
Metropolitan School of Art. She later emigrated to north America where
she has since earned a reputation as a leading author and illustrator of
children's books, whilst also maintaining a career as a painter. Her
works can be found in many major collections including the National
Gallery of Ireland.
IE - 825
je ena prvih srbskih pesnic. Prvo
pesem je napisala že kot 13 letnica. Svoja dela je objavljala v številnih
časopisih vse do svoje smrti. Zaradi stalnega samoizobraževanja je postala
ena najbolj izobraženih osebnosti svojega časa in zelo cenjena v političnih
in literarnih krogih. Slavna je postala s pesniškimi zbirkami Pesme,
ki so izšle v letih 1850, 1855 in 1869. Njen lirični dnevnik U Fruškoj
gori v treh delih (1861, 1862, 1866) prikazuje običaje, razumevanja in
razmere njenega časa.
Srpska krajina - 59
Stokić Živana-Žanka 1887 -
je bila srbska gledališka igralka,
od 1911 članica "Narodnog pozorišta" v Beogradu. Tu je odigrala vse svoje
vloge, zaradi katerih jo smatrajo za eno največjih igralk srbskega
gledališča. Največji uspeh je dosegla z liki iz del Branislava Nušiča.
YU - 3122
15.10.1880 - 2.10.1958
She was a Scottish author,
eugenicist, campaigner for women's rights and pioneer in the field of
family planning. Stopes edited the journal Birth Control News which gave
anatomically explicit advice, and in addition to her enthusiasm for
protests at places of worship this provoked protest from both the Church
of England and the Roman Catholic Church. Her sex manual Married Love,
which was written while she was still a virgin, was controversial and
1899 - 1988
She is Maltese politician and journalist. She was elected to parliament
in 1950s and 1960s as member of Constitutional Party and later as leader
of Progressive Constutional party. She was editor to The Times of
Malta and The Sunday Times of Malta.
STROBEL Kate 1907 - 1996
Stupica Maria Lucija 13.12.1950 -
slovenska slikarka in ilustratorka.
She graduated from the
Academy of Fine Arts in Ljubljana. She began illustrating children's
book already during her studies. Her first published work was Andersen's
The Princess on The Pea in 1973. Over the last twenty-five years
she has illustrated some thirty-five picture and story books. In 1998
and 2000 she was nominated
for the Andersen Award. She won the Prešeren Prize (the national award
for achievement in the area of Slovenian art), the Golden Apple BIB.
CZ - 2924
Stupica Marlenka 17.12.1927 -
Akademska slikarka Marlenka Stupica je leta 1950 diplomirala na Akademiji za likovno umetnost v Ljubljani. Znana je predvsem po ilustracijah knjig za otroke. S slikami jih je opremila že 80, predvsem pravljične vsebine. Za svoje delo je prejela dvajset visokih domačih in mednarodnih nagrad. Še posebej pomembna je nagrada IBBY, ki jo je leta 1994 prejela v Sevilli, kar pomeni, da je bila uvrščena na častni seznam najboljših svetovnih ustvarjalcev v mladinski literaturi. Motiv
Zima na znamki SI-126 je bil leta 1985 uporabljen za Unicefovo voščilnico.
The academic painter Marlenka Stupica graduated from the Ljubljana Academy of Fine Arts in 1950. She is known above all for her illustrations of, mostly, fairy story books. She has received twenty local and international awards for her works. Especially valued is the IBBY (International board on books for young people), an award she received in 1994 in Seville. This meant that she was ranked on the list of the worlds' best artists in youth literature. Her picture
Winter on the stamp SI-126 was used in 1985 as an illustration on a UNICEF greeting card.
SI - 126
STURDZA-BULANDRA Lucia 25.8.1873 - 19.9.1961
Norwegian handball top player. She won 2 Olympic silver medals in 1988 and
1992. In all she played 274 international matches for Norwegian handball
Sundstrom Fanny 1883 - 1944
She was a
teacher, politican and women's right activist on the Aland Islands. After
becoming a primary school teacher, she took an active part in the "Martha
Movement" (sv. Marthaföreningen) and worked for social improvements. The
Martha Movement was established in 1899 by a group of women who established
the Martha Organization to advance Finland's economic and cultural life. In
1922 Fanny Sundström was the only woman to be elected to the first
Parliament of Aland. In 1929 she was elected to the municipal council. She
remained politically active until her death.
Aland - 114
N - 534-535
Suttner Bertha von 9.6.1843 - 21.6.1914
Avstrijska pisateljica številnih protivojnih novel in neumorna borka za svetovni mir Berta von Suttner je vplivala na odločitev Alfreda Nobela, da ustanovi tudi nagrado za mir. To nagrado je leta 1905, kot prva ženska tudi sama dobila. Njeno glavno delo je
Dol z orožjem (1889), isto ime pa je imel tudi njen pacifistični časopis (1892-99). Von Suttnerjeva je organizirala in vodila Avstrijsko društvo prijateljev miru.
An Austrian author of numerous antiwar novels and a tireless worker for world peace, Bertha von Suttner was influential in Alfred Nobel's decision to establish the celebrated Nobel Peace Prize, of which she was the first female recipient (1905). The title of her major work, Die Waffen nieder (1889, Lay Down Your Arms), also became the name of her celebrated pacifist journal (1892-99). Von Suttner organized and headed the Austrian Society of Peace Lovers.
GDR - 1050
D - 1498 S - 1413
D - 2495
sv.Euphrasia Maria von der
IS - 587
Svet Mateja 16.8.1968 -
Mateja Svet je pripeljala slovensko žensko alpsko smučanje do najvišjih svetovnih lovorik. Na svetovnem smučarskem prvenstvu leta 1987 v Crans Montani je kar trikrat stala na zmagovalnih stopničkah: kot 2. v veleslalomu in 3. v slalomu in super vele-slalomu. Sodelovala je na dveh olimpijskih igrah, leta 1988 je v Calgariju osvojila srebrno medaljo v slalomu. Osvojila je 11 naslovov državne prvakinje, bila je najboljša športnica Slovenije v letih 1984 - 1989.
Mateja Svet brought Slovene Women`s Alpine skiing the highest international awards. In World Ski Championship in 1987 in Crans Montana she stood on the winning podium three time: second in giant slalom, and third in slalom and super giant slalom. She participated in two Winter Olympics and in 1988 in Calgary achieved second place in slalom. She was eleven times national champion and also received the sports-person of the year award from 1984 to 1989.
YU - 2215
a Romanian track and field athlete, winner of the gold medal in the 2000
Summer Olympics in 5000 m and winner of bronze and silver medals in 1996
Summer Olympics and 2000 Summer Olympics in 1500 m, respectively. Szabo
is also a three-time world champion. She always had a single coach,
Zsolt Gyöngyössy, whom she eventually married. In May 2005 she announced
her withdrawal from professional sport. She remains the European record
holder over 3000m.
RO - 5518
1926 - 1973
PL - 3445
A - 2331
? - 1483
je bila žena madžarskega kralja Janosa Hunyadi, ki
je v 15. stoletju vladal Madžarski.
H - 756
Szymborska Wislawa 2.7.1923 -
poljska pesnica, nobelova nagrajenka za literaturo 1996.
studied Polish Literature and Sociology at the Jagiellonian University.
Szymborska made her début in March 1945 with a poem Szukam slowa (I
am Looking for a Word) in the daily "Dziennik Polski". Szymborska has
published 16 collections of poetry: Dlatego zyjemy (1952), Pytania
zadawane sobie (1954), Wolanie do Yeti (1957), Sól (1962),
Wiersze wybrane (1964), Poezje wybrane (1967), Sto
pociech (1967), Poezje (1970), Wszelki wypadek (1972),
Wybór wierszy (1973), Tarsjusz i inne wiersze (1976), Wielka
liczba (1976), Poezje wybrane II (1983), Ludzie na
moscie (1986). Koniec i poczatek (1993, 1996), Widok z
ziarnkiem piasku. 102 wiersze (1996). Her poems have been
translated in many foreign landuages. She is the Goethe Prize winner (1991)
and Herder Prize winner (1995). She has a degree of Honorary Doctor of
Letters of Poznan University (1995). In 1996 she received the Polish PEN
Club prize. She won The
Nobel Prize for literature in 1996.
PL - 4078 PL - 3944
PL - 3633
S - 2200
gor - up