Chapter I National Definitions
Article I TorHavnian People (Citizenship, Language)
Citizens of the Kingdom of TorHavn are all individuals who are children of a citizen of the Kingdom of TorHavn, pr who are born in the
territory of the TorHavn nation, or who are naturalized.
Section II: Procedure
- As regards the law: an adult is a person who has reached or is passed the age of fifteen years old.
- Application. Any person, past the age of adulthood, may petition the government for
TorHavn's Citizenship. The appointed Minister shall interview the person as appropriate and will make a recommendation to the Crown based upon the person's character and understanding of the ways of TorHavn. in
particular its traditions, its culture, and its laws.
- Petition by parents: Any person who, being naturalised as a TorHavn's citizen, is already a parent at their naturalisation, may petition the Crown's appointed Minister on their minor children's behalf for TorHavn's
Citizenship. The Minister's recommendation to the Crown shall in this case consider the character of the parent, the developing character of the child, the parent's understanding of TorHavn, and the parent's presumed capacity to instill in the child a sense of civic duty and national pride for the nation.
- Native-born citizens. Any person who, at their birth, is the child of one or two TorHavn's citizens is a native-born citizen of TorHavn.
- Authority to naturalise. Except for the automatic citizenship of native-born citizens, the authority to grant TorHavn's citizenship resides solely with the Crown.
- Authority to revoke or restore citizenship. The Crown does have the authority to revoke any person's citizenship at his/her pleasure, or to restore citizenship once revoked.
- Renunciation. Any citizen may renounce their citizenship, effective immediately upon notification of the Minister or the Crown. Once renounced, citizenship may be restored only at the pleasure of the Crown, which may be difficult to obtain, depending upon the circumstances of such renunciation.
- Renunciation by parents. Parents may renounce the citizenship of their minor children on the child's behalf. The child is, however, also free to petition for restored citizenship upon reaching adulthood.
The official language of the Kingdom of TorHavn is English, but the Government will also recognise, as a secondary language, Esperanto, and
Section IV: On Dual Citizenship
- Definition: A Torhavner who holds citizenship or membership in any national organisation, with the exceptions granted herein, is a dual citizen.
- Any individual Torhavn's citizen who holds dual citizenship in any other namtion may only do so if he or she is completely honest with both TorHavn and the other nation.
- Exceptional nations: Any nation which is a member of the United Nations, or which is otherwise recognised as a macronation by the government may be expected on the "tell all", and is exceptional. Undisclosed dual citizenship may be held between TorHavn and such a nation.
- Punishment. Minimum: The punishment for any citizen who has a secret dual citizenship is simply to have their cTorHavnian itizenship revoked. This punishment cannot be lifted by any future Co-Monarch, and the ex-citizen is forever barred from reapplying, for honesty is the only issue here. It is dishonour. There is no maximum punishment.
Article II: TorHavnian National Foundations
This TorHavnian nation is a secular, sovereign, Nation. All
entities of the government must yield to these principles.
This Constitution is the supreme law of the land; it is directly binding on all government authority. The general rules of public
international law constitute an integral, inviolable part of the national law. As a symbol familiar to the heart of the TorHavnian people, this Constitution shall also be known as the Codex, or "code of laws."
Article III TorHavnian Symbols, & Capital
The Kingdom of TorHavn has the following symbols:
- National Colors: Forest green, crimson red, & sable black.
- National Flag: The Seal of the nation on a square of forest green:
- National Arms: A shield, with a scales mounted on a double-edged sword, point down, over an infinity symbol, under a simple crown of gold.
- National Anthem: "that Honour Never Fade." Tune by Dame Cecilia Eng, original words by I. Hunter, M. Jorgensen & L. Skywalker.
- National Motto: "Loyalty above all else, except honour.
- National Capital: Microna, in NE Nevada. Current cybercapitol is Sequoia.
- Royal Seal of Arms: a horizontal, crimson bladed, longsword, pointed left, over a jadegreen heater-styled shield, within a blank, white circle, which is surmounted by a simple crown (the Sword & Shield of TorHavn). Each Co-Monarch shall choose for Him or Herself their own symbol (either Sword or Shield) within the circle, surmounted by a simple Crown.
Article IV: The Rights and Duties of a TorHavner
Article V: General Rights
- Law shall define TorHavn Nationality.
- Each citizen, recognising the bond between Citizen and the Land, shall agree to assist and support national programs which shall benefit the Earth, as a condition of citizenship.
- TorHavners shall be equal before the law. There shall be no discrimination between them as regards their rights and duties on grounds of color, race, language, ethnic heritage, sexual orientation or preference, or religion.
- The Government shall ensure work and education within the limits of its possibilities, and it shall ensure a state of tranquility and equal opportunities to all TorHavners.
Personal freedoms shall be guaranteed.
No person may be detained or imprisoned except in accordance with the provisions of the law.
- No TorHavner may be deported from the territory of the Kingdom.
- No TorHavner may be prevented from residing at any place, or be compelled to reside in any specified place, except in the circumstances prescribed by law.
Dwelling houses shall be inviolable and shall not be entered except in the circumstances and in the manner prescribed by law.
No properties of any Person may be expropriated except for purposes of public utility and in consideration of a just compensation, as may be prescribed by law.
No loans may be forcibly imposed and no property, movable or immovable, may be confiscated except in accordance with the law.
- Compulsory labor may not be imposed on any person, but any person may be required to do any work or to render any service in circumstances prescribed by law, as stated hereunder:
- In a state of necessity, such as a state of war, the occurrence of a public danger, or fire, flood, famine, earthquake, hurricane, serious epidemic among human beings or animals or animal diseases, insects or pests or any other similar events, or in any other circumstances which might endanger the safety of the population, in whole or in part. As a result of a conviction of the person concerned by a court of law, provided that the work is done and the service rendered under the supervision of an official authority.
- The State shall safeguard the private, free exercise of all forms for worship and religious rites in accordance with the customs observed in the Kingdom, unless such is inconsistent with public order or ethical behavior.
- Any religious body (organization, church, etc.) shall petition for and receive official sanction to official practice within the borders of Our Realm.
- Any religious body that proselytizes in an aggressive and/or offensive manner to members of another religious persuasion shall have their official sanction revoked, and owes recompense to the offended party. Otherwise, any individual or group has the inalienable and inviolable right to practice any religion within the borders of TorHavn, so long as Item A and Item B are not violated.
- The Kingdom shall guarantee freedom of opinion. Every TorHavner shall be free to express his opinion by speech, in writing, or by means of photographic representation and other forms of expression, provided that such does not violate the law.
- Freedom of the press and publications shall be ensured within the limits of the law.
- Newspapers shall not be suspended from publication nor shall their permits be revoked except in accordance with the provisions of the law.
- In the event of the declaration of martial law or a state of emergency, a limited censorship on newspapers, publications, books and broadcasts in matters affecting public safety and national defense may be imposed by law.
- TorHavners shall have the right to hold meetings within the limits of the law.
- TorHavners are entitled to establish societies and clubs provided that the objects of such societies and clubs are lawful, their methods peaceful, and their by-laws not contrary to the provisions of the Constitution.
- The establishment of societies and clubs and the control of their resources shall be regulated by law. No TorHavner may participate in any political party within the territory of the Kingdom, save that it be established solely for the purpose of electing a suitable official to a suitable post.
- All political parties shall be thusly established as a corporation for the benefit of the Public good, and shall register their documents to the Parliament, who shall report the same to the Crowns.
TorHavners are entitled to address the public authorities on any personal matters affecting them, or on any matter relative to public affairs, in such a manner and under such conditions as may be prescribed by law.
All communications shall be treated as private and as such shall not be subject to censorship or suspension except in circumstances prescribed by
The State shall establish and maintain systems for the education of citizens and shall control the curricula.
Elementary and Secondary education shall be compulsory for TorHavners and free of charge within the Government system.
- Political refugees shall not he extradited.
- Kingdom law shall regulate extradition of ordinary criminals.
Every TorHavner shall be entitled to be appointed to public offices under such conditions as are prescribed by law or regulations. Honorary & dual citizens shall need official approval to be considered eligible for the purposes of such appointment.
- Work is the right of every citizen, and the State shall provide pportunities for work to all citizens by directing the national economy and raising its standards.
- The State shall protect labor and enact legislation therefore based on the following principles:
- Every worker shall receive wages commensurate with the quantity and quality of his work.
- The number of hours of work per week shall be defined. Workers shall be given weekly and annual days of paid rest
- Special compensation shall be given to workers supporting families during illness, old age and emergencies arising out of the nature of their work.
- Special conditions shall be made for the employment of women and juveniles.
- Factories and workshops shall be subject to health safeguards.
Article VI: Citizens' Responsibilities
- All Citizens have the right to life, liberty and personal security.
- All Citizens also have the right to define their honour by actions and words, and to have their honour respected, and to defend it when necessary.
All Citizens have the right to equality in law, irrespective of age, race,
sex, sexuality or disability.
All Citizens have the right to freedom of belief and of expression. Every citizen of the Realm may forthrightly express themself constructively (realizing, of course, that Challenge may ensue if disorderly conduct or words offend other honourable folk).
All Citizens have the right to freedom of peaceful assembly and association.
All Citizens have the right to freedom of movement and residence, save s proscribed by Law.
All Citizens have the right to personal property.
All Citizens have the right of equal access to public services.
All Citizens have the right to nominate for public office.
All Citizens have the right to a fair and public hearing by an independent and impartial tribunal, in the determination of their rights and obligations and of any criminal charges brought against them.
All Citizens have the right to freedom of choice in all respects that pertain to their physical person, including the right to pregnancy termination and the right to assisted suicide.
Section XI Proscriptions
No Citizen may be executed by the State or its instrumentalities.
No Citizen may be held in a state of slavery or enforced servitude.
No Citizen may be subjected to torture or to physical violence.
No Citizen may be subjected to arbitrary arrest, detention or exile.
No Citizen may be arbitrarily deprived of their property.
All Citizens have the responsibility to pay taxation in support of the State and its instrumentalities.
All Citizens have the responsibility to vote in elections for the Legislative Branch of Government.
- All citizens, commoner OR noble, have the responsibility to refrain from acting or speaking against the Crowns, save honourably, publicly, constructively and within the confines of the Parliament, for the solitary purpose of improving the lot of the Realm, and except to Challenge the Crowns.
- Those citizens who act or speak against the Crowns of TorHavn outside the provisions of the Law, shall suffer expulsion from the Kingdom.
All citizens have the responsibility to behave with honour, courtesy, chivalrie, responsibility, and respect to all others, and expected to act with honour when this conduct is not returned.
All Citizens have the responsibility not to impinge upon the rights of fellow Citizens, in the free exercise of their rights.
Article VII: Ecological Responsibilities
Article VIII: Powers - General Provisions
- The Kingdom of TorHavn is established as a "green" country FIRST;
- No technology must be introduced to our nation that harms the environment unless no alternative is possible (and only so long as it remains necessary, and only so much as necessary).
- The least hurtful form of any technology is what the Kingdom of TorHavn will use. The Kingdom will encourage the use, growth and development of ecology-oriented, "green" technologies.
- The Land comes first, before human comfort, convenience, or profit.
- No technology is allowable that is harmful to the land, or those who live
- No pesticides or chemical fertilizers EVER. Only natural pest control (companion planting, natural predators, etc.) and fertilizers are allowable.
Section III: Introduced Technologies
- All companies seeking to do business within our borders will demonstrate that they are "green" companies, and shall be subject to irregular inspections of their facilities.
- Violators shall pay a fine, to be set by the legislative process, according to the severity of the offense, and either correct the prohlem or be expelled from our borders. There can be no appeal to this Article, for it violates the Earth.
Section IV: Fuel Provisions
- From the moment that the Kingdom legally occupies and owns land, and/or other real estate, no vehicles or other devices powered by petroleum products shall be brought onto or operated on the Kingdom's land.
- To wit: no gasoline, gasohol or diesel at all. Alternatives can include (but not be limited to): solar-powered, electrical, safe nuclear-powered, vegetable oil-powered, CNG or propane, etc., or other such "green" and non-polluting fuels --- along with pedestrian, equestrian
and PPV types of travelling.
- All fuels not herein described shall be thoroughly examined by the Ministry of Ecology before being allowed to be used on TorHavn land.
Part II: Legislative Powers
- The nation, the Crowns and the People are the source of all powers.
- The Nation shall exercise its Powers in the manner prescribed by this present Constitution.
The Legislative Power shall be vested in BOTH the Crowns and Parliament. Both shall work together side by side, to ensure balance.
The Executive Power shall be vested in the twin Viridian Crowns, who shall exercise Their powers through Their Ministers in accordance with the provisions of the present Constitution.
The courts of law in their varying types and degrees shall exercise the Judicial Power. All judgments shall be given in accordance with the law and pronounced in the name of the Crowns.
Law is the expression of the general good. Every citizen has a right to participate personally, through petitioning his representative, through petitioning the Crowns, and through initiative in its foundation. Laws must be the same for all, whether it protects or punishes.
All citizens over age 15, being equal in the eyes of the law, are equally eligible to all dignities and to all public positions and occupations, according to their abilities, and without distinction except that of their virtues and talents.
The enumeration in the Constitution, of certain rights, shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people.
The powers not delegated to the government by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it, are reserved to the people.
The Kingdom reserves for itself exclusive jurisdiction over the following:
- National defense;
- Foreign relations;
- Economic regulations;
- Infrastructure and traffic;
- Taxation, to include tariffs, levies, and duties;
- Private, criminal & procedural law;
- Educationaland technical training standards;
- Weights and measures;
- The coining and printing of money, as well as the establishment of its value;
- The establishment of professional standards;
- The regulation and registration of patents, copyrights and trademarks,
- All matters which involve the development, growth, and protection of the Living Earth;
- All other matters which, by their nature or because of their relations to the above listed subjects, require national control;
Article IX: The Parliament
PART III: Executive Power
All legislative powers herein granted shall be vested solely in the Parliament & Crowns of TorHavn, but the People reserve unto themselves the powers of initiative and recall.
- The Parliament shall be composed of two houses: the House of Commons, and the House of Peers.
- No person shall be a Member of Parliament who has not attained the age of 15, and who is not a citizen of TorHavn.
- When a seat becomes vacant in the Parliament by death or resignation or for any other reason, it shall be filled by Royal Appointment pending a by-election within a period of two (2) months from the date on which the Government is notified of the vacancy by the Parliament. The term of the new member shall be for the remaining part of the term of his predecessor.
- When vacancies happen in the representation of the Parliament, the Crowns shall appoint a Citizen otherwise fulfilling the requirements of Article I, Section 2(b) to serve for the remainder of the term for that seat.
If the Parliament is dissolved for any reason; the new Parliament shall not be dissolved for the same reason.
No person shall become a Parliament member:
- Who is not a TorHavner.
- Who claims foreign nationality or protection.
- Who was adjudged bankrupt and has not been legally discharged.
- Who was interdicted and the interdiction has not been removed.
- Who was sentenced to a term of imprisonment exceeding one year for a non-political offence and has not been pardoned.
- Who has a material interest in any contract, other than a contract or lease of land and property, with any Department of Government, provided that this provision shall not apply to any shareholder in a company of more than ten members.
- Who is insane or an imbecile.
- Who is related to the Crowns within three degrees of consanguinity.
No Member of Parliament may be removed from his office except by;
- Execution of Article XI - Section VII, Paragraph (D)
- A resolution of Parliament, provided that, other than the case of disqualification and combination of offices as prescribed in this Constitution and in the Electoral Law, the resolution to remove member must be taken by a two-thirds (2/3) majority of the Parliament. The resolution must be submitted to the Crowns for ratification.
- Should any member become disqualified during his term of office or should it appear after his election that he lacks one (1) or more of the qualifications provided for in the preceding paragraph, his membership shall, by a resolution of two-thirds (2/3) of the members of the Parliament, be considered inexistent and vacant, provided that such a resolution is submitted to the Crowns for ratification.
No person shall be allowed to be a member of Parliament and a holder of a public office at the same time. Public office means every office whose holder receives his salary from public funds; it includes municipal offices and Ministerial Posts.
Subject to the provisions of the present Constitution relating to the dissolution of the Parliament, the Parliament shall hold one (1) ordinary session during each year of its term.
The Prime Minister of TorHavn shall be the Head of The House of the Commons but shall have no vote unless it is equally divided. The Speaker of The House of the Peers shall be the head of the House of the Peers and shall be chosen by a vote in that house from the rank of the Peers.
The House of Commons
- The House of the Commons shall be composed of members chosen at large for two years by the People of TorHavn.
- The initial enumeration of seats in The House of the Commons shall be ten (10), and these shall be selected by appointment or by the citizen having volunteered.
- An additional seat shall be created per twenty (20) citizens until Parliament has two-hundred thirty-eight (238) seats.
- Until such time as the number of TorHavnian citizens over the age of 15 has reached twenty-five (25), those ten initially chosen Councilors may stay members of the Commons, until they themselves retire, abdicate their Seat, or until disqualification or death. this shall lend stability in the Parliament.
- The House of the Commons shall choose their officers and also a head of Parliament in the absence of the Prime Minister.
- Before elected Members of Parliament enter on the Execution of their Offices, they shall take the following Oath: "I do solemnly swear that I will well and faithfully execute the duties of the office on which I am about to enter, and will to the best of my ability, preserve, protect and defend the Constitution of the Kingdom of TorHavn"
the House of Peers:
- The House of the Peers shall be composed of the members of the Peerage of TorHavn having attained the hereditary rank of Grand Duke, Duke, Earl, or Baron, as well as (a) all members of the Privy Council, and (b) the appointed rank of Knight.
- The initial enumeration of seats in The House of the Peers shall be all members of the Peerage and shall increase indefinitely as the creation of peerages increases at the Crowns' discretion.
The Parliament shall assemble at least once each year and such meeting shall take place at a time and place, as they shall appoint by law.
The Crowns may by Royal Decree adjourn the session of the Parliament for not more than three (3) times, or two (2) times only if the Crowns had postponed the meeting of the Parliament under appropriate provisions of this constitution. The Parliament may also adjourn their session from time to time in conformity with their own Internal Regulations.
- The Crowns may whenever necessary summon the Parliament to meet in an extraordinary session for an unspecified period for the purpose of deciding matters to be Specified in the Royal Decree when the summonsare issued. An extraordinary session shall be prorogued by a Royal Decree.
- The Crowns may summon the Parliament to meet in an extraordinary session at the request of an absolute majority of the members. Such request shall be contained in a petition specifying the matters that it is desired to discuss.
- The Parliament shall not discuss in any extraordinary session except such matters as are specified in the Royal Decree convening the session.
The Parliament shall each make its Internal Regulations for the control and organization of its own proceedings and shall submit such Orders to the Crowns for ratification.
- No meeting of Parliament shall be considered duly constituted unless attended by two-thirds (2/3) of the members, and shall continue to be valid as long as an absolute majority of the members is present.
- Resolutions shall be taken by a majority of votes of the members present, excluding the Speaker, who shall not vote except where it is otherwise provided in the present Constitution. In the case of equality of votes. The Speaker shall have a casting vote.
- If the voting is related to the Constitution or to a motion of no confidence in the Commons or in a particular Common Seat Member, the votes shall be taken by calling the names of members in a loud voice or by proxy via Internet chat, etc.
The meetings of Parliament shall be public and conducted online via the Internet, or in a public place, if possible. Secret meetings may, however, be convened at the request of the Government or of no less than fifty-percent Members of Parliament. If such a request is made, the Parliament shall decide whether it should be accepted or rejected.
- The Parliament shall submit to the Electuary Board to be the judge of elections, of its own members, and a majority shall constitute a quorum to do business but a smaller number may adjourn from day to day, and may be authorized to compel the attendance of absent members in such manner and under such penalties as it may provide.
- The Parliament may determine the rules of its proceedings, and from time to time publish the same excepting such parts as may in their judgment, and with the concurrence of the Crowns, require secrecy; and the yeas and nays of the members on any question shall, at the desire of one-fifth of those present, be entered on the journal.
- The Parliament may receive compensation for their services to be determined by the will of the people through referendum. The Parliament is specifically denied the power to set, regulate, or deny compensation for
any civil official of the government of the Kingdom.
- No Member of Parliament shall, during the time for which he was elected, hold any other office under the authority of the Kingdom of TorHavn. This provision shall take effect at such time as the Crowns deems necessary.
- Every bill originating in the Parliament shall, before it becomes a law, be presented to the Crowns. If they approve, they shall sign it, but if not,
they shall return it, with his objections to the Parliament who shall enter the objections at large in their journal, and proceed to reconsider it.
- If after reconsideration, four-fifths of the Parliament shall agree to pass the bill it shall become law. But in all such cases the votes shall be determined by yeas and nays and the names of the persons shall be entered on the journal of the Parliament.
- Laws passed by Parliament can be declared unconstitutional if the majority of the Grand Council declares it to be.
- No bill that has to do with citizen's rights, ecology, the land, foreign technology, or TorHavn's natural resources may be passed without the signatures
- the Head of that Ministry;
- The Prime Minister; and:
- Both Co-Monarchs.
- The Parliament shall have the sole Power of Impeachment.
- The Parliament shall have the sole Power to try all Impeachments. When sitting for that Purpose, they shall be on Oath or Affirmation. When the Prime Minister of TorHavn is tried, the Chief Justice shall preside, and no Person shall be convicted without the Concurrence of two-thirds of the Members present.
- Judgment in Cases of Impeachment shall not extend further than to removal from Office, and disqualification to hold and enjoy any Office of honor, trust or profit under TorHavn: but the Party convicted shall nevertheless be liable and subject to Indictment, Trial, Judgment and Punishment, according to Law.
The Parliament shall retain the power to:
- regulate commerce with foreign nations;
- provide for punishment for counterfeiting the securities and current coin of the Kingdom;
- fix the standard of weights and measures;
- promote the progress of science and useful arts by securing for limited times the exclusive right to their respective writings and discoveries;
- define and punish piracies and felonies committed on the high seas;
- make all laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into execution the foregoing powers and all other powers vested by this Constitution in the government of TorHavn or in any department or officer thereof.
- The naturalization of such persons as the Crowns and the People think proper shall not be prohibited.
- The privilege of the writ of habeas corpus shall not be suspended.
- No bill of attainder or ex post facto law shall be passed.
- No capitation or other tax shall be laid by Parliament except it is approved by the people through referendum of the people.
- No money shall be drawn from the Treasury by Parliament but in consequence of appropriations made by law.
- The government shall have no right to grant monopolies.
The Parliament will not be created until such time as the number of
TorHavnian citizens over the age of 15 exceeds 10.
Both Houses of Parliament must pass all bills in the same form before they
are presented to the Crowns for consent.
Article X: The Crowns and Their Prerogatives
Article XI: the Co-Monarchs & Their Jurisdictions
The Co-Monarchs are both the head of state and the chief executives. Only
the Co-Monarchs have the right of pardon, of commutation, to conduct foreign
affairs, and to all other representative functions of the State.
If a Co-Monarch is male, He will be referred to as "Crowns", "Your Majesty",
"His Majesty"; His name, for the whole of His reign or tenure will be [his
first birth name] [a second, royal name chosen at Investiture], the royal
name of Skyhunter, Rex, and:
If a Co-Monarch is female, She will be referred to as "Queen", "Your
Majesty", "Her Majesty"; Her name, for the whole of Her reign or tenure will
be [Her first birth name] [a second, royal name chosen at Investiture], the
royal name of Skyhunter, Regina.
- The Co-Monarchs shall exist in a state of partnership with one another,
standing together, face to face, or back to back, during their entire
This is regardless of any other partnership, friendship or marriage they
might have with one another, or with another person.
- IN ADDITION: It is not illegal for the two Monarchs to be married or
Partnered with one another.
- Spouses of Co-Monarchs have no Royal authority OF THEMSELVES, but
shall be styled "[Crowns or Queen] Consort" and may be referred to as
"Highness" or "Your Highness" for the whole reign of the Co-Monarch to
whom he or she is Partnered.
- Also: A Co-Monarch's Consort shall sit on the Upper House of Council,
and shall have one (1) vote on that Council, unless he or she already has
a vote by their being Co-Monarch, or by being a Minister, or by being a
A Co-Monarch's children shall also not have any Royal authority, but will
be styled "Prince," or "Princess" (depending on gender), may be referred
to as "Highness" or "Your Highness," and may sit on the House of Peers
as titled nobility, but are not automatically entitled to inherit the
Viridian Crown of TorHavn.
A Co-Monarch ascends to the throne of the Kingdom of TorHavn upon the
death, abdication, or removal of the previous Co-Monarch that he or she is
- If a Co-Monarch is found by three independent medical experts to be
incapable of fulfilling his or her office due to mental incompetence, there
shall be, by the Prime Minister and all members of the Privy Council, a Call
- If a Co-Monarch dies, abdicates, or is removed from the throne, the above
Article shall be enacted. During a search for a new Co-Monarch the executive
power of the Kingdom shall be exercised by the remaining Co-Monarch until
such time as the other Co-Monarch is confirmed.
The executive power of the Kingdom, including diplomatic affairs, is vested
in the Co-Monarchs.
The Viridian Crown, as a symbol, is worn by two (2) Sovereigns who shall
jointly administer to the needs of TorHavn. Traditionally, one Co-Monarch
shall be styled the "Warrior Monarch," and the other shall be styled the
Protector or "Green Monarch." Although these positions are not
interchangeable, one may speak for the other in times of need.
- The Warrior Monarch shall be called the Sword of TorHavn, in token of
that Monarch's stance on those issues which are appropriate to the warrior's
way. Such matters which shall be within the Warrior Monarch's jurisdiction
include those of defense, justice, law, diplomacy and education (for
knowledge can be a weapon).
- The Green Monarch shall be called the Shield of TorHavn, in token of that
Monarch's stance on those issues which are important to the protection of
the nation & the Earth. Such matters which shall be within the Green
Monarch's jurisdiction shall include those of ecology, economy, parental &
familial issues, artistic & cultural issues (to protect TorHavn's national
The Crowns are the Head of the State together and are immune from any
liability and responsibility, save by the Challenge for the Crown (q.v.)
The Crowns ratify the laws and promulgate them. They shall direct the
enactment of such regulations as may be necessary for their
implementation, provided that such regulations are not inconsistent with the
The Crowns are the Supreme Commander of the Land, Naval, and Air
- The Crowns declare war, conclude peace and ratify treaties and
- Treaties and agreements that involve financial commitments to the
Treasury or affect the public or private rights of TorHavners shall not be
valid unless approved by the Assembly. In no circumstances shall any
secret terms contained in any treaty or agreement be contrary to their overt
- The Crowns issue orders for the holding of elections to the Parliament and special Councils in accordance with the provisions of the law.
- The Crowns convenes the Parliament, inaugurates, djourns, and prorogues it in accordance with the provisions of the Constitution.
- The Crowns may dissolve the Privy Council, and may also stand in for any one Minister as the need arises, due to vacanciy or a lack of nomination.
- The Crowns may dissolve the House of Commons or relieve any Member of his membership. according to provisions of the present Constitution.
- The Crosns shall commission all military officers of the Kingdom.
- The Crowns shall bestow all honors of service and valor to members of the Armed Forces.
The Powers of the Crowns, on behalf of the People, shall also be to:
- create a Privy Council and appoint its members.
- delegate his powers unto cabinet members and the ministries they may create as he sees fit, to appoint members to the Electuary Council, and to appoint the Chairman of The Council of Generals to provide advice on the judicious use of the Armed Forces of the Kingdom on behalf of the People;
- grant reprieves and pardons for offenses against the Kingdom;
- peacefully annex territory on behalf of the People of TorHavn;
- coin money and regulate the value thereof, and;
- raise and support the Armed Forces for the common defense, and to make rules for the government and regulation of the Armed Forces.
- provide for calling forth the militia to execute the laws of the Kingdom, suppress insurrection, and repel invasions, To provide for organizing, farming, disciplining the militias and for governing such part of them as may be employed in the service of the Kingdom;
- grant titles of Nobility as he sees fit and at his own discretion.
- invest citizens in TorHavnian Orders of chivalry as they may see fit with respect to the by-laws of each order.
- The Crowns also have the right to grant a special pardon or remit any sentence, but special law shall determine any general pardon.
- No death sentence shall be executed except after confirmation by the Crowns. Every such sentence shall be placed before the Crowns by the Privy Council accompanied by the opinion of the Minister of Justice.
The Crowns shall exercise the powers vested in them by this Constitution.
The following powers shall be irrevocably vested in the Crowns in the
interest of the People, and as needed according to the duties of each
Co-Monarch, Warrior and Protector:
- The power to issue proclamations that carry the force of law. A
Proclamation shall take effect not less than thirty days after its
- No proclamation shall be valid if it is ruled by nine-tenths of the Grand Council to violate the rights accortded each citizen.
- The power to call special referendums to determine the will of the People for his own information.
- The Crowns will also have the power to dissolve Parliament and/or the Grand Council if one-fourth of the people consent to do so in a referendum.
- The Crowns may reinstate the Parliament and/or the Grand Council at any time, so long as one-fourth of the people agree to do so in a referendum.
- The Crowns may jointly dismiss any Minister of State, or deprive a Peer of his or her Post, and appoint a new one at will.
Article XiI: PROCEDURE OF SUCCESSION:
Article XIiI: the Privy Council - General Provisions
At any time, during any public function, any citizens of TorHavn may
approach either Co-Monarch, and declare that His Majesty or Her Majesty is
unfit to rule, and Challenge for the Right to wear the Crown.
Unlike others, the Monarchy of TorHavn is not born of privilege, but of
ability & power. As this is a warrior nation (in the oldest sense of the
word); no Monarch is born into rulership, but must win it by test & trial.
Nothing shall, however, prevent any Prince or Princess born to either
Monarch from becoming a Candidate for Monarch, but requirements for rulership
shall remain the same, regardless of the rank or position any child of either
In no fashion may both Monarchs abdicate at the same time, but allowing
for the death of both simultaneously, the Prime Minister shall sit the throne
until there be at least one Monarch-elect. However, the Prime Minister shall
NOT make any decision during his or her tenure, but simply keep the seat
for the new Monarchs-to-be.
No Candidate shall be considered who is not a Citizen of the Realm, that
no usurper shall be made Monarch, and who has not been a citizen for at least
"By Test and By Trial!"
There shall be a Test of Intelligence (I.Q. test) and a Test of Knowledge.
There shall be a Trial by Combat (using the traditional melee weapons of
the Kingdom, but not to the death, and also by winning the game of
There shall also be a Trial by Survival (for no Monarch shall rule who cannot
section IV: The Procedure shall be as follows:
The Trial by Survival:
Candidate shall face the wilds of the Kingdom, and shall be graded on (1)
quality of survival, (2) ability to track without maps;
The Test of Intelligence:
Such test shall be created specific to the era and situation of the Kingdom,
and Candidate shall be graded on a percentage basis;
The Trial by Combat:
In the manner of the Crown Lists in the Society of Creative Anachronism,
save that: (1) Each Candidate shall face three knights of the Vermillion
Blade or such martial order as appropriate, chosen entirely at random, and must
hold their own against all three, or be disqualified. Those who do, shall be
graded one to ten (1-10) on technique (both offensive & defensive), tactics,
discipline, sportsmanship, and endurance.
The Test of Knowledge:
of the history & government of the Realm, of current events, and of certain
subjects important to the running of the Realm). Candidate's character shall
be judged by the asCrowns of questions designed to expose flaws and
weaknesses to the light. Test's particulars shall be kept secret until the
The Final Trial of Combat shall be chess: the "Game of Crownss," where each
Candidate shall hold their own against one another, tournament-style.
If only one Candidate appears to face the Challenge, Candidate must still
face all four Ordeals and win out.
WHOSOEVER SHALL HOLD THEIR OWN IN A SUPERIOR FASHION, WHOSE PERFORMANCE AND CHARACTER IS OF UNRIVALED AND UNPARALLELED CALIBER, AS PROVEN BY THESE TESTS AND TRIALS, SHALL BE CROWNED. FOR ONLY IN THIS WAY SHALL THE EXTRAORDINARY NATURE OF THIS Kingdom BE SAFEGUARDED AGAINST ITS FOES.
Thereafter, for the whole of their tenure, or until he or she (they) is (are) Crowned, an Heir shall be styled "Crown Prince/Princess" and shall be entitled to be called "Royal Highness" or "Your Royal Highness" and shall live in the Palace, along with their Spouse (whether by Marriage or by Partnering), and may sit in on sessions of the Privy Council and the House of Peers.
However, (an) Heir(s) may not vote in the Upper House of Council, unless he (or she) already has a seat due to being a Knight or a noble or a member of Privy Council.
Section V: the Call for Candidates:
- If there is/are no Heir(s) chosen & qualified, a general Call for Candidates shall be made.
- Such a Call shall take place on Founders's Day.
- If Candidates have applied, their names shall be proclaimed on Founder's Day, at a special meeting of both Houses of Parliament.
- At this time, an announcement for the Tests & Trials shall be also proclaimed, so that the People may witness them., as is their right.
- Any Candidate shall, when applying, tdeclare which Crown they are Challenging for.
Section V: "In Case of a Tie ..."
After the process of testing, if there is a tie for either Crown, and if there are not two positions open, the two who are equally qualified shall state their case before the Two Monarchs (if possible), the Privy Council,
with representatives (chosen by lot) from the Upper & Lower Houses observing.
After Heirs have been qualified and chosen, every five years hence, each Heir shall once again be Tested, as a sign that he or she is still qualified to bear the weight of the Viridian Crown. Any who fail all five tests & trials shall quietly step down as Heir, but will not lose any other position he or she may have gained.
- Once both Heirs are chosen, anyone (else) who feel they are better qualified may challenge for the position by competing directly against the Heir in the Tests & Trials for the Heirship.
- Should both end up equal, then both shall make their case before the current Monarchs and the Privy Council, and shall be accompanied by representatives from the Upper & Lower Houses of Council who are chosen by lot, at random.
Section VII: REGRETTABLE CIRCUMSTANCES:
- If, for reasons of infirmity, permanent illness or disability, death, criminal activity, gross disservice or dishonour to the Kingdom, one Monarch may declare the other unfit, and upon proving these circumstances by trial, , may require the removal of that Monarch.
- THE PROCEDURE FOR THE REPLACEMENT OF THIS UNFIT MONARCH SHALL REMAIN AS ABOVE, FOR SUCCESSION.
- The House of Peers may, for the same reasons, and by way of the Prime Minister as their Representative, declare any one Monarch unfit, in the same fashion as above.
- If, in the opinion of Parliament, the Privy Council, or the People by referendum, that the fit Monarch has unwisely ignored the situation of an unfit Monarch, then they may call for the abdication of this Monarch, by the use of a Challenge of that Monarch.
- Under that situation, the Parliament, by a nine-tenths vote, shall call for the removal of the unfit Monarch, and the Prime Minister shall sit the Throne until such time as the Call for Candidates may go out.
- Such replacement must take place no later than sixty days from such removal, and no business of the nation may be settled until then.
- This Article shall not take effect until such time as TorHavn has landed sovereignty.
- Until such time as the Kingdom possesses landed soverignty, the Founding Co-Monarchs shall remain Monarchs,
- Only by death or by voluntary abdication
shall either Founding Monarch set down the Viridian Crown, and the remaining Monarch (should there be one) shall determine if any Contender for the Crown be worthy of it.
In the circumstance of there being no Candidates for a vacant Crown, if there is a nine-tenths vote of both Houses of Parliament that the remaining Co-Monarch shall assume the jurisdiction of both, then it shall be so.
If it should occur that no one who is worthy of the Crowns or Crown shall come forward, then it shall be the unenviable task of Parliament to elect a new Monarch from the rolls of the People.
Certain individuals shall be chosen by the Co-Monarchs, save fore the
Prime Minister, who shall be elected, as administerator and proxy for the
Viridian Crowns, as shown by their qualifications and desire to serve the
- These shall be Ministers of State, and these shall be also sit on the Privy
Council, to serve the Crown more fully. A Minister of State may govern the
Ministry under his or jurisdiction freely, so long as (A) it pleases their
Majesties and (B) he or she is qualified to do so, and (C) until retirement
Article XIV: The Prime Minister
Article XV: The Royal Seneschal
- The Prime Minister is the only Minister of State who is elected by the
People. However, until the number of citizens exceeds 20, the Crowns shall
jointly appoint the Prime Minister. Elections for the post shall commence
no later than sixty days hence.
- The Prime Minister's chief function will be to serve: as Proxy to the
House of Commons as Petitioner or as Speaker; as the Head of the House
of Peers; and as coordinator for the clerical, legal & administrative
functions of Parliament.
- The Administrative Power of the Kingdom shall be vested in the Prime Minister of TorHavn. He shall hold his office for a term of two years and be elected as follows:
- Citizens having reached the age of majority as proscribed by law shall vote. Under the supervision of the Electuary Board without the Prime Minister, the ballots shall be tallied. The person having the greatest number of votes shall be Prime Minister if such number is a majority of votes cast.
- If no person receives a majority of votes cast, the Crowns shall call a special Election for thirty days hence and the three persons receiving the greatest number of votes during the general election shall be placed on the ballot. The person receiving the greatest number of votes during the special election shall be the Prime Minister notwithstanding a majority of votes received.
- The Parliament shall determine the day of election for the Administrative branch by law or in absence of such law the date of voting shall be the second Monday in January.
- No person shall be Prime Minister who shall not have attained the age of majority as established by legislation at the time of his election and who, when elected, shall not have been a citizen of TorHavn for a period of
- In case of removal of the Prime Minister from office, or of his death, resignation, or inability to discharge the duties of his office, the same shall devolve on the Minister of Ecology, and in the case of removal, death, resignation, or inability of both Prime Minister and Minister of Ecology, the President of the House of Commons shall fulfill the duties of Prime Minister until the Crowns shall call a special election not less than 30 days after the vacancy occurs to fill the unexpired term of the office of the Prime Minister.
- The Crowns and Prime Minister may receive compensation for their services in an amount to be determined by initiative of the People.
The Prime Minister shall have the Power, and by and with the advice and
consent of the Minister of Foreign Affairs and the Crowns, shall appoint
ambassadors, other public ministers and consuls, whose appointments are
not herein otherwise provided for and which shall be established by law;
but the Parliament may by law vest the appointment of such inferior officers
as they think proper in the Crowns alone or in the
heads of departments.
The Prime Minister shall from time to time give the Parliament information
of the State of the Kingdom and recommend to their consideration such
measures as he shall judge necessary and expedient; he shall take care that
the laws be faithfully executed.
The Prime Minister, and all civil officers of the Kingdom shall be removed
from office on impeachment for, and conviction of, treason, bribery, or other
high crimes or misdemeanors. The Crowns may not be impeached nor forced
Before the elected Prime Minister enters on the Execution of his Office, he
shall take the following Oath: "I do solemnly swear that I will well and
faithfully execute the duties of the office on which I am about to enter, and
will to the best of my Ability, preserve, protect and defend the Constitution
of the Kingdom of TorHavn.
Until the number of citizens over age 15 reaches 20, the Crowns shall appoint
the Prime Minister.
The Prime Minister and Lord High Seneschal shall work in close
partnership with one another, especially where their duties overlap.
The Lord High Seneschall's position shall be separate from, but work in
close partnership with the Ministers of State. Of all Ministers, the Lord
High Seneschall shall have the highest rank.
Essentially: it is the solemn duty of the Royal Seneschal to: be certain that all aspects of the Co-Monarchs public and private lives, including that of Their Spouses (whether married or Partnered) and Their Royal Children, are seen to, so far as it is possible, working with the Royal Chatellaine in that regard;
the Seneschal shall see to it that the difficulties of the Ministers of State are taken care of, so that they may do as their title suggests and minister to the Kingdom; appoint the Royal Chatelaine, who shall see to the operations, care & upkeep of the Royal Residence.
Only the Crown may contradict or correct the Lord High Seneschal in the
performance of his or her Office & duties.
Article XVI: The Minister of Internal Affairs
Article XVII: The Minister of National Affairs
This Office oversees and administers all Public Services, such as that of
Health, Education & Welfare (and shall work in conjunction with the Ministry
of Cultural Affairs, for that Ministry also works for the eternal benefit of
The Ministry of Internal Affairs shall also concern itself with the internal
affairs of the Kingdom, to include transportation, infrastructure, social
welfare, and shall work to aid the Ministry of the Ecology.
This Office shall administer any and all national actions within the Kingdom, including: All birth & death records, All citizenship applications & processing; the Registry of all Titles (Knighthood, Councilors, Nobles such
as Lord or Lady, Baron/Baroness, etc.) While this Office does not approve the Title, but process applications & register the Title.This Office shall oversee all elections, if any at all, as set forth in this Codex.
This Office shall maintain a constant Census of citizens of the Kingdom.
Every third year he shall oversee a Royal Census. Such a Royal Census
shall be the best effort possible to the Kingdom to accurately count each and
every citizen of theKingdom. The Census and Royal Census shall be used to
determinethe size of the Council. All Census and Royal Census information
shall be freely available to the Co-Monarchs, the Royal Courts and the Twin
This office shall also head the Bureau of Tourism, and shall work closely
with the Ministry of International Affairs.
Article XVIII:: The Minister of International Affairs
The Minister of International Affairs is concerned with the relationship of
the Kingdom of TorHavn with other States and organizations of States and
is the head of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
The Minister of International Affairs shall oversee the activities of all
ambassadors, consuls, and diplomats. In particular, the Minister of
International Affairs will ensure that such Royal officers properly represent
and advance the best interests of the Kingdom of TorHavn in the
performance of their duties.
The Minister of International Affairs shall serve as Ambassador-at-Large for
the Kingdom, representing TorHavn at critical negotiations, summits, and
treaty signings as determined by the Crown.
Article XIX: The Treasurer
The Minister of Finance may also be called the Treasurer.
The Treasurer is concerned with the economy of the Kingdom, to include
banCrowns, taxation, and the coining of money and is the head of the
Ministry of Finance.
The Treasurer shall oversee the Royal Treasury, the Royal Bank, and all
Royal economic endeavors.
The Treasurer shall also oversee those foreign banks that decide to do
business within the borders of the Kingdom of TorHavn.
At such time as the House of Peers approves a budget, the Treasurer, in
consultation with the Co-Monarchs and the Seneschal, shall set the taxes
for the forthcoming year.
The proposed taxes shall be submitted to the
Co-Monarchs for approval no later than one month after the approval of a
The Co-Monarchs may accept, reject, or modify the proposed
taxes as they see fit, but must publicly announce the final tax schedule no later
than November 15th of the current year.
The Treasurer shall maintain copies of all financial records of the
Kingdom. Such records shall be freely available to the Co-Monarch, and Parliament.
Article XX: The Archivist
The Minister of Propaganda shall also be called the Archivist.
The Archivist is concerned with maintaining information related to the
Kingdom and its activities.
The Archivist shall oversee the Royal Library, the Assembly's Library, the
Royal Archives, and all Royal media, including telephone, radio, television,
and internet communications.
The Archivist shall maintain separate copies of the Record of Legislation
provided to him by the Secretary of the Council.
Article XXI: The Monarch's Blade
The Minister of Justice shall be called the Monarch's Blade.
The Monarch's Blade is concerned with the enforcement of Law and the
protection of the citizenry of TorHavn from criminal threats and is the head
of the Ministry of Justice.
The Monarch's Blade shall oversee the activities and procedures of; all law
enforcement personnel, departments, and groups; all prisons, prison
guards, and other corrections agencies; all Royal search, rescue, relief, and
agencies, and shall work closely with the Bureau of Tourism in that specific
The Monarch's Blade shall ensure that all Royal officers of the
properly represent and advance the best interests of the Kingdom of
TorHavn in the performance of their duties.
The Monarch's Blade shall have available to him or her, at all times, the
log, minutes & records of the sessions of the (a) High Tribunal and (b) the
minutes of the court sessions of every Judge of the High Courts on a
regular or irregular basis.
The Monarch's Blade shall communicate to the Crown any irregularities
It shall be the perogative of the Crown to send the Monarch's
Blade as Proxy to any case or Court at will.
The Monarch's Blade shall,
using his judgement (a) communicate to the Crown the particulars of the situation(s),
and (b) act as the Viridian Crown in that situation(s), on Their behalf.
The Monarch's Blade may, with our without notice, attend a case being
tried by the High Tribunal, and may cast a vote on behalf of the Crown,
as Proxy, which may result in a tie-vote.
If the case being tried is
thusly, it must be retried once more, this time without the presence of the
It is herein noted that sometimes the only way to prevent
a miscarriage of justice is to be use caution, as no one is perfect nor
The Monarch's Blade and his official records shall be available to the High
Tribunal for assistance at all times.
Article XXII: The Marshall
The Minister of Defense shall also be called the Marshall.
The Marshall is concerned with the defense of the Kingdom from outside
threats and is the head of the Ministry of Defense.
The Marshall shall oversee all Royal military forces; he will ensure that the
members of the armed forces conduct themselves in accordance with this
Constituion, the Laws of the Kingdom, and the international Laws of War.
The Marshall shall also oversee the conducting of duels within the Realm,
and shall appoint such deputy marshalls or etcetera as needed, so long as
does not contradict the will of the Sword of TorHavn.
Article XXIII: The Sophist-Muse
Article XXIII: First Friend(s)
The Minister of Culture shall also be called the Sophist Muse.
This Ministry's Office shall encourage, foster, coordinate, & support the
growth & development of our arts, music, and multi-media.
Muse shall also maintain a close relationship with the Ministry of
Propaganda, and the Ministry of International Affairs.
A Co-Monarch may appoint one (1) First Friend to the Privy Council.
A First Friend shall head no Ministry and may be not be members of the
Judicial branch of the government nor the Council.
The essential duty of the First Friend is to act as personal advisor to the
Co-Monarch that appoints him or her, and who may primarily speak without
worry of retribution in the interests of the Kingdom.
Colloquially, it is
solemn obligation of the First Friend to tell the Co-Monarch when "Rex" or
"Regina" is "full of lint.
First Friends may ALSO, when appointed to do so, speak on behalf of
the(ir) Co-Monarch as ambassadors, as spokespersons, or may act as assistants
to various Ministers in the Upper House, or as a Petitioner from the Crown or
the Upper House.
They may also, if empowered, speak to the Privy
Council and/or House of Peers as Proxy (casting the one monarchial vote as
Their prime duty, however, is to give their advice to the(ir)
Article XXIV: The Court Jester
The Court Jester shall also be called the Foole.
- Simply put: it shall be the Foole's task to (a) be openly & brutally honest with the Co-Monarch's in every way, and (b) entertain & console the Crown whenever and however necessary.
Like the First Friend's, the Foole has the absolute right to let the Co-Monarch's know when they are "full of lint.
- Yet, unlike the First Friends, the Court Jester has a vote in the House of Peers.
The Foole is also enpowered to end a session in Peers or in the Great Hall
of the Palace when he or she feels that tempers (or treaties) are about to be
bent or broken, or any other such situation where overabundant dreariness
or ennui are likely to bring emnity and ruin.
The Foole shall only be designated by two methods: either by the candidate
volunteering for the post, or (b) from the Foole currently in residence.
either case, the Crown shall then either accept or reject the choice made.
The Foole, above all, shall endeavor to be a Friend to the Kingdom & to the
Crown, even when this seems mutually exclusive or contradictory.
Article XXV: Privy Council Positions - Other
Article XXVI. The Grand Council
Additional Privy Council positions may be created by the Co-Monarchs.
If new Privy Council positions will head ministries, the specific scope and
duties of the new Ministerial position must be defined at the time the
position is created.
A Minister may be entrusted with the responsibility of only one Ministry, as
stated in the Decree of appointment.
- Every Minister shall be responsible for the conduct of all matters
pertaining to his Ministry.
He shall refer to the Prime Minister any
matter not falling within his competence.
- The Prime Minister shall dispose of all matters within his powers and
competence and shall refer other matters to the Parliament for such decision
as may be necessary.
The Prime Minister and the Commons shall sign the decisions taken by the
Parliament, which shall then be submitted to the Crowns for ratification
in all cases required under the present Constitution or any law or
regulations enacted there under.
The Prime Minister and Ministers shall
implement such decisions, each within the limits of his competence.
Signatures shall be in the form of "digital signatures" contained within the
Verbal or written orders of the Crowns shall not release the Ministers from
Any Minister may speak before the House of Commons but possesses no right to
PART VI The Judiciary
- The judicial power of the Kingdom shall be vested in the Grand Council and in such Grand Tribunals and Special Courts as the People shall see fit to establish.
- The Justices of the Grand Council shall be six in number. The people shall elect one, one shall be selected by the Parliament, and the Crowns shall choose three, and the last shall be chosen by lot from the common people of the Kinghdom.
- ALL Justices shall serve for life.
- The manner of electing Justices of the Grand Council shall be selected at large in the same fashion as for the Parliament.
- There shall be one Judge appointed to each Grand Tribunal to serve a term of six months.
The right to sentence is reserved to the Grand Tribunal.
- All judicial offices shall be non-partisan. No one political party or party central committee may endorse, support, or oppose a candidate for judicial office.
- The Judicial Power of the Grand Council shall extend to all cases in law and equity arising under this Constitution, the laws of the Kingdom, and treaties made, or which shall be made, under their authority; to all cases affecting ambassadors, other public ministers and consuls, and to all cases of admiralty and maritime jurisdiction.
- The Grand Council's job shall be to review every law originating from The Parliament to ensure that the law does not violate the constitution or violate the rights of TorHavniann citizens.
The Grand Council may declare a law unconstitutional, null, and void according to the provisions made elsewhere in this document.
- In all cases affecting the Crowns and their Proclamations, ambassadors, other public ministers and consuls, and cases to which the Kingdom is a party, the Grand Council shall be the court of original jurisdiction. In all other cases, The Grand Council shall have appellate jurisdiction.
- The trial of all crimes, except in cases of impeachment shall be by Grand Tribunal.
- Procedures of such trials shall be governed by the Ministry of Justice, the Monarch's Blade, and hinge on the foreknowledge of the Crowns of normal human behavior, procedures of previous courts, and the law.
- Treason against the Kingdom of TorHavn shall consist only in levying war against it or in adhering to its enemies, giving them aid and comfort.
- No person shall be convicted of treason unless on the testimony of one witness to the overt act or on confession in open court.
- The Parliament shall have the power to declare the punishment of treason.
Except for the Monarch's Blade, the Judiciary Branch shall not be established until such time as the number of citizens over age 15 exceeds 40.
Until such time as the Judiciary Branch of the Government is established, the Government-at-Large shall appoint an odd number of judges to sit as a limited sort of jury, for the purpose of trying anyone brought before the Throne for judgement.
The Throne shall appoint one, thruough the offices of the Ministry of Justice, from the House of Peers, the People shall elect the second from the common citizens, and the third shall be chosen entirely by lot.
The Electuary Council
The Electuary council is responsible for holding elections and ensuring the accuracy and fairness of the tallying process.
- The Electuary Council shall consist of a panel composed of 7 members.
One member is the Prime Minister, the House of the Commons elects one, the
House of the Peers elects one, and the Crowns shall appoint four.
- Each member of the Electuary Council shall serve for a period of two
years, with exception of the Prime Minister who will serve for the duration
of his term.
- The Prime Minister will not sit on the Electuary Council when it concerns
the election of the Prime Minister.
The Electuary Board shall not be established until such time as the number of
citizens over age 15 exceeds 40.
Article XXVIII: Regarding Judges
Judges are independent, appointed, and in the exercise of their judicial functions they are subject to no authority other than that of the law.
All Judges of the Courts shall be appointed and dismissed by a Royal Decree in accordance with the provisions of the law.
All courts shall be divided into two (2) categories:
- Civil Courts
- Special Courts
The establishment of the various courts, their categories, their divisions, their jurisdiction and their administration shall be by virtue of a special law, provided that such law provides for the establishment of a High Court of Justice.
- The courts shall be open to all and shall be free from any interference in their affairs.
- The sittings of the courts shall be public unless the court considers that it should sit in camera in the interest of public order or morals.
The Civil Courts in the Kingdom of TorHavn shall have jurisdiction over all persons in all matters, civil and criminal, including cases brought by or against the Government, except those matters in respect of which jurisdiction is vested in Special Courts in accordance with the provisions of the present Constitution or any other legislation in force.
- The Civil Courts shall exercise their jurisdiction in respect to civil and criminal matters in accordance with the law for the time being in force in the Kingdom, provided that in matters affecting the personal status of foreigners or in matters of a civil or commercial nature which in accordance with international usage are governed by the law of another country, such law shall be applied in the manner designated by the law.
- Matters of personal status are those that are defined by law and in accordance therewith fall within the exclusive jurisdiction of the Special Courts.
Special Courts shall exercise their jurisdiction in accordance with the provisions of the laws constituting them.
Article XXIX. Voting, Initiative, Referendum, and Recall
Government is instituted for the protection, security, and benefit of the people, and it is their natural right to alter or reform it when the public good may require.
The Parliament shall prohibit improper practices that affect elections and shall provide for the disqualification of electors while mentally incompetent or imprisoned or on parole for the conviction of a felony.
- The initiative is the right of the People to propose statutes and amendments to the Constitution and to adopt or reject them.
- An initiative measure may be proposed by presenting to the Electuary Board a petition that sets forth the text of the proposed statute or amendment to the Constitution and is certified to have been signed by electors equal in number to 25 percent in the case of a statute, and 50 percent in the case of an amendment to the Constitution, of the votes for all candidates for Prime Minister at the last election.
- The Electuary Board shall then submit the measure at the next general election held at least 30 days after it qualifies or at any special election held prior to that general election.
The Crowns may call a special election for the measure.
- An initiative measure embracing more than one subject may not be submitted to the People or have any effect.
- An initiative, statute or amendment approved by a majority of votes thereon is submitted to the Crowns where if a Monarch, or both Monarchs, signs it, it becomes effective immediately.
If neither Monarch does not sign it, it is re-voted upon by the Parliament as a bill.
- If provisions of 2 or more measures approved at the same election conflict, those of the measure receiving the greatest number of affirmative votes shall prevail.
- The statute must be approved by a majority of the Grand Council.
- Prior to circulation of an initiative or referendum petition for signatures, a copy shall be submitted to the Electuary Board who shall prepare a title and summary of the measure as provided by law.
- The Parliament shall provide the manner in which petitions shall be circulated, presented, and certified, and measures submitted to the People.
No amendment to the Constitution, and no statute proposed to the People by the Parliament or by initiative, that names any individual to hold any office, or names or identifies any private corporation to perform any function or to have any power or duty, may be submitted to the People or have any effect.
No bill of attainder may be passed.
- Recall of any elected civil officer is initiated by delivering to the Electuary Board a petition alleging reason for recall.
Sufficiency of reason is not reviewable. Proponents have 30 days to file signed petitions.
- A petition to recall an officer must be signed by eligible voters equal in number to 50 percent of the votes cast in the election for said officer.
- The Electuary Board shall maintain a continuous count of the signatures certified to that office.
- An election to determine whether to recall an officer and, if appropriate, to elect a successor shall be called by the Crowns and held not less than 30 days from the date of certification of sufficient signatures.
- A recall election may be conducted within 90 days from the date of certification of sufficient signatures in order that the election may be consolidated with the next general election.
- If there is a majority vote of three-fourths on the question to recall, the officer is removed and, if there is a candidate, the candidate who receives a plurality is the successor.
The officer may not be a candidate.
The parliament shall provide for circulation, filing, and certification of
petitions, nomination of candidates, and the recall election.
This Article does not go into effect until such time as the number of citizens over age 15 exceeds 40.
Article XXX: Vote of No Confidence
A motion of no confidence in the House of Commons or of any Common Seat
member, or the Prime Minister, may be raised by the Parliament.
- If the Parliament casts a vote of no confidence in the Common Seats of the Parliament by an absolute majority of all its members, all the Common Seats shall resign.
Members who did not vote "aye" in such a vote may be considered for reinstatement to the House of Commons if the Crowns see fit to reactivate the Commons, as is their right to do.
- If the vote of no confidence concerns an individual Common Seat Minister, he shall resign his office.
- A session to consider a vote of no confidence in the Common Seats of the Parliament or in any individual Common Seat member shall be held either at the request of the Prime Minister or at a request signed by not less than fifty-percent of the members of Parliament.
- A vote of no confidence in the Common Seats of Parliament or in any individual Common Seat member may be postponed only for one period, which shall not exceed ten (10) days, either upon the request of the Parliament member being concerned or of the House of Parliament.
The Parliament shall then not be dissolved during this period.
- Annually, the Privy Council' authorised representative, in cases where the Parliament is in session, shall place before the Parliament a request to cast a vote of confidence on the basis that this vote is necessary for the well-being of the nation.
If the Parliament is not in session at the time, or stands dissolved, q request from the Throne shall be considered to be a request for the purposes of this Article.
Article XXXI: Financial Matters
Part I: General Provisions as regards Taxes
Part II: Further Taxation
TorHavn shall refrain from instituting any property tax until there is land to tax.
Upon having ownership of real property, an appropriate amount, to be set by the Crown, shall be rendered to TorHavn, depending on the amount of land and/or real property owned. This amount may be rebated by recycling and/or other such similar service to the Crown --- service to the Mother (Earth) shall equal service to the Crown. Such amount is yet to be set.
A flat sales tax, which shall NOT be charged on (1) local food or clothing necessitiess or (2) basic medical needs shall be levied on all sales of goods or services within our borders.
Because the economic circumstances of a landed TorHavn are unknown at present, the percentage of this tax is not yet set.
In addition, a luxury tax shall also be levied on any foreign item not deemed a staple or necessity. This shall be levied on top of the flat sales tax imposed by the Crown. This shall serve the purpose of encouraging local buying, and discourage ecologically unsound manufacturing. Such luxuries shall include (but not be limited to):
- drugs (not medicine),
- foreign drinking alcohol,
- foreign formal apparel (nylon, etcetera),
- processed, prepared or manufactured foods,
- ecologically irresponsible items, or items that directly compete with TorHavn's economy and/or necessities.
No taxes, excepting sales tax imposed by the country of residence, and the innumerable sales taxes imposed by various sovereign countries, as collected in the process of purchase, shall be imposed by the Kingdom until such time as the Nation possesses landed sovereignty.
- No other tax or duty may be imposed except by law.
- Taxes and duties shall not include the various kinds of fees, which the Treasury charges in respect of services rendered to members of the public by Government Departments or in consideration of benefits accruing to them from the State Domain.
- In imposing taxes, the Government shall be guided by the principles of progressive taxation, coupled with the attainment of equality and social Justice, provided that taxation shall not exceed the capacity of taxpayers or the Kingdom's requirements for funds.
- The draft law covering the General Budget shall be submitted to the Parliament for consideration in accordance with the provisions of the Constitution at least one (1) month before the beginning of the financial year.
- Voting in respect of the budget shall take place on each chapter separately.
- No sum falling within the expenditure section of the General Budget may be transferred from one chapter to another except by law.
- The Parliament, when debating the General Budget draft law or the provisional laws relating thereto, may reduce the expenditures under the various chapters in accordance with what it considers to be in the public interest, but it shall not increase such expenditures either by amendment or by the submission of a separate proposal, however, the Assembly may after the close of the debate propose laws for the creation of new expenditures Budget, no proposal shall be accepted for the abrogation of an existing tax or the creation of a new one or the amendment, whether by increase or reduction, of existing taxes which are prescribed by financial laws in force, and no proposal shall be accepted for amending expenditures or revenues fixed by contract.
- The national revenues and expenditures estimated for each financial year shall be approved by the General Budget Law, provided that said Law may provide for the allocation of any special sums for a period exceeding one (1) year.
If it is not possible to enact the General Budget Law prior to the beginning of the new financial year, expenditures shall continue by monthly appropriations at the rate of 1/12th for each month of the previous year's budget.
The Privy Council may, with the approval of the Crowns, issue regulations for the control of appropriations and expenditures of the public funds and the organization of Government stores.
All receipts from taxes and other sources of Government revenue shall be paid into the Treasury and shall be included in the Government budget save where otherwise provided by law.
No part of the funds of the Treasury may be appropriated or expended for any purpose whatever except under the law.
The Civil List of the Crowns shall be paid from the General Revenue and shall be fixed in the General Budget Law.
Any concession granting a right for the exploitation of mines, minerals or public utilities shall be sanctioned by law.
No person shall be exempt from the payment of taxes or duties in circumstances other than those prescribed by law.
An Audit office shall be set up by law for controlling the State's revenues, its expenses and the manner of expenditure:
- The Audit Office shall submit to the Parliament at the beginning of each ordinary session, or whenever the Parliament demands, a general report embodying its views and comments and indicating any irregularities committed and the responsibility arising there from.
- The law shall provide for the immunity of the Head of the Audit Office.